This contribution explores the socio-political and economic facts and events that took place in the course of 2021. Indeed, the year 2021 was marked by the passing of a number of laws aimed at protecting women in Benin. It has also been marked by the April elections, mass arrests of political opponents, the vaccination campaign against covid 19, jihadist attacks and a series of political, economic and social reforms that have spared no sector. The education sector has received a great deal of attention from the government, which is keen to use education as a lever to transform the economic structure in order to make Benin a regional platform of excellence in knowledge services. In this contribution, the effects of these reforms on the cost of living and the perceptions that Beninese have of them are also examined.