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In: Fremde Spiegelungen
Author: Claudia Welz

Kant, Kierkegaard, and Levinas see it as a wasted effort to try to justify God in view of human experience of evil, sin and suffering. Which are their specific reasons for having no reason to defend God? And how do they try to cope ethically with the practical dimension of the theoretically unsolved problem of theodicy? These are the two guiding questions for the following investigation. The different models of a “critique of theological reason” are outlined in a comparison and exemplified by the respective Christian and Jewish approaches to the biblical figure of Job. They reveal the difficulty of finding adequate ways to address a theme that not only requires philosophical thematization and self-correction but also points beyond the limits of philosophical discourse to the task of finding a personal and interpersonal modus vivendi with and despite the wound of negativity; ultimately, it demands an existential commitment in solidarity with the suffering—a language that surpasses what can be said. With regard to Kant, Kierkegaard and Levinas, three possible forms of this are portrayed.

In: Wrestling with God and with Evil
In: Im Angesicht der Anderen
Author: Claudia Welz

Kant, Kierkegaard, and Levinas see it as a wasted effort to try to justify God in view of human experience of evil, sin and suffering. Which are their specific reasons for having no reason to defend God? And how do they try to cope ethically with the practical dimension of the theoretically unsolved problem of theodicy? These are the two guiding questions for the following investigation. The different models of a “critique of theological reason” are outlined in a comparison and exemplified by the respective Christian and Jewish approaches to the biblical figure of Job. They reveal the difficulty of finding adequate ways to address a theme that not only requires philosophical thematization and self-correction but also points beyond the limits of philosophical discourse to the task of finding a personal and interpersonal modus vivendi with and despite the wound of negativity; ultimately, it demands an existential commitment in solidarity with the suffering—a language that surpasses what can be said. With regard to Kant, Kierkegaard and Levinas, three possible forms of this are portrayed.

In: Wrestling with God and with Evil
Gespräche zwischen christlicher Theologie und jüdischem Denken
Seit einem Menschenalter im Gespräch. Die konstitutive Bedeutung jüdischen Denkens für die christliche Theologie in Deutschland zur Sprache zu bringen: Kaum ein anderer Theologe widmet sich dieser zentralen Aufgabe so intensiv und engagiert wie Josef Wohlmuth. Getrieben von der Suche nach Wahrheit und in steter Ehrfurcht vor dem Heiligen bearbeitet er die eigene Tradition, um deutend Gott, den Menschen und der Welt auf die Spur zu kommen. Sein wissenschaftliches Interesse an der Dogmen- und Konziliengeschichte verbindet sich dabei mit der Sensibilität für theologische Ästhetik und der unablässigen Auseinandersetzung mit Gegenwartsphilosophen - meist jüdischer Provenienz: Franz Rosenzweig, Walter Benjamin, Jürgen Habermas, Jean-Luc Marion, Jacques Derrida, Hans Blumenberg sowie Emmanuel Levinas.