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In: Global Pentecostal Movements
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Early Western forms of Pentecostalism embraced Holiness teaching and combined it with the emphases of baptism in the Holy Spirit evidenced by tongues. The Hong Kong Pentecostal Mission (previously Apostolic Faith Mission) grew out of the Congregationalist tradition and the Latter Rain message of the Azusa Street Revival, which was brought to Hong Kong by zealous missionaries. It was then developed by Chinese elites and local Pentecostal believers. Chinese leaders welcomed foreign missionaries but formed solid independent governance systems. The Hong Kong Pentecostal Mission distributed its Pentecostal Truths publications widely in Hong Kong, China and the broader diaspora. Although some members spread the Pentecostal message to Heungshan, they did not impose a dominant role in the development of the two local churches, but allowed the local people to self-govern and self-support the church, and to self-propagate the gospel message to the country people. It did not hold a hostile nationalistic attitude towards western missionaries, but continued to welcome any collaborations as long as they genuinely wanted to serve.

In: Asia Pacific Pentecostalism
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Abstract

This article aims to explore the development of Pentecostalism in Asia under the tide of globalization since the beginning of the twenty-first century. It will do so in three sections. First, it investigates megachurches and the prosperity gospel in Asian countries and regions that enjoy a greater extent of liberty and where neo-capitalism has emerged. Second, the article discusses the situation of Pentecostalism in countries ruled by totalitarian regimes. Pentecostalism cannot grow freely there, but it is relatively safe for Pentecostals to provide humanitarian relief and social services. Third, the article illustrates how migration as a major phenomenon of globalization has influenced pentecostal mission. It focuses on African Pentecostals who engage in trades in China and the Filipino/a Charismatics who are migrant workers. In the conclusion, the article discusses how the coronavirus pandemic has been reshaping globalization and Pentecostalism and offers a possible way to see the future.

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In: Pneuma