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Presuppositions of one sort or another are inevitable, but one way to control our assumptions in the interest of common dialogue is to consider how we would read the Gospels if they were not texts used by a current world religion. The majority of Gospels scholars see the Gospels as ancient biographies. Although ancient biographies varied in their historiographic practice, in the early Empire biographies about figures who lived in the generation or two before the biographer included substantial historical information about the figure. This observation may be particularly relevant for biographies about sages. Schools often preserved considerable information about their founders' teachings; ancient memory practices exceeded what is typical today, and disciples often preserved and passed on considerable information. Researchers should neither treat the Gospels more skeptically nor demand from them greater precision than we would from comparable works of their era.

In: Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus
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The pervasive Jewish-Gentile conflict in the earliest church invited comment. The theme of the gospel’s challenge for surmounting ethnic prejudices (generally to the extent of commitment to the Gentile mission, hence incorporation into the church) appears widely in the New Testament; the present article surveys some samples of its treatment. John and Luke used Jesus’ ministry to Samaritans or comments about them in ways that likely summoned their audiences to consider and surmount ethnic prejudices in their own day. Paul demanded ethnic unity in Christ as an integral part of the gospel he preached (presumably as part of his mission to the Gentiles). Modern interpreters can explore ways to apply such passages in countering ethnic divisions which continue to plague much of the church today.

In: Evangelical Quarterly: An International Review of Bible and Theology
In: The Language and Literature of the New Testament
In: Paul's World
In: Paul: Jew, Greek, and Roman
In: Pneuma
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In this response to the reviews by John Christopher Thomas, Robby Waddell, and Chris E.W. Green of Craig Keener’s book, Spirit Hermeneutics: Reading Scripture in Light of Pentecost (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2016), the author argues that it is important both to hear the biblical text in its original setting and to hear its message for us today. He states that the latter should have some relation to the former if we want to claim canonical authority for what we are saying. Keener insists that even the strongest critiques raised by his reviewers do not reveal substantial disagreement on these points. He states with assurance that he and his reviewers agree on this: the Spirit impassions us with not merely factual knowledge but with the intimate, relational knowledge of God.

In: Journal of Pentecostal Theology
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In this article Craig S. Keener participates in the roundtable dialogue on his book: Spirit Hermeneutics: Reading Scripture in the Light of Pentecost. After responding individually to the reviews of L. William Oliverio, Jr., Kevin L. Spawn, Hannah R.K. Mather, Ben Aker, Jacqueline N. Grey, and Kenneth J. Archer, Keener responds more fully to some key issues in the reviews and articulates elements of his hermeneutical theory that complement the arguments in his book, including discussions on conventional hermeneutics, the role of subjectivity/objectivity in interpretation, and the relationship between pentecostal hermeneutics and evangelical hermeneutics.

In: Pneuma
In: Christian Origins and Greco-Roman Culture