Though the Ukrainian state has not had sovereign rights over Crimea since 2014, Crimean Tatars have continued to repeatedly and emphatically assert their rights to self-determination. In March 2014, the Ukrainian Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) adopted a resolution on guarantees of the rights of the Crimean Tatar people as a part of the state of Ukraine. The resolution formally recognized the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. The resolution proposes that the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine instructs the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine to urgently submit draft laws on status of the Crimean Tatar people as indigenous people of Ukraine. However, at the end of 2017, no such draft law or regulatory legal act has been seen. The purpose of this article is to analyse the situation of the Crimean Tatars in the Ukrainian legislation.
Based on the data of sociological research, the analysis of the linguistic landscapes of Transcarpathian cities, and quotations from travel guides, this paper illustrates that in Transcarpathia, a significant part of the population—regardless of ethnicity—live their lives not according to the official Kyiv time (eet), but according to the local time (cet). The difference between official centralized time and “local time” appeared in Transcarpathia when the region became annexed to the Soviet Union. Yet before the Second World War, each state in the region used Central European time. The Soviet regime introduced msk, which was two hours ahead. The distinction between “local time” and central time has been maintained since Transcarpathia became part of the newly independent Ukraine. The population of the region has been urged to use a different time zone for a relatively short time from a historical point of view. The persistence of “local time” is also strengthened by the fact that it contributes to the image of Transcarpathia as a particular, specific region of Ukraine. “Local time” in Transcarpathia has become part of the region’s tourism brand.