The Case of El Salvador’s EDUCO Program
D. Brent Edwards Jr
Recent Political Economy of Education Policy
D. Brent Edwards Jr.
The purpose of this chapter is to summarize and extend previous research on the political economy dynamics of policy implementation in El Salvador, with the focus being on the years from the early 1990s to the mid-2010s. Two goals accompany this purpose. The first is to provide insights that complement and update the limited (analytic) literature on the history and political economy of education policy in El Salvador. The second goal is to derive lessons that may be relevant more broadly, beyond El Salvador, by being attentive to the conditions in which education policies are more or less likely to be implemented. The chapter goes beyond a focus on official reform processes at the national level to examine, as well, the often-invisible role of international organizations and international reform trends—integral as they are to contemporary reform dynamics. In sharing these insights and drawing tentative lessons, I hope that this chapter contributes, first, to the literature on the history of education policy in El Salvador and, second, to the documentation that addresses the ways that policy implementation in a given country is affected by dynamics that span the local, national, and international levels.