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In: Denken durch die Dinge
In: Denken durch die Dinge
In: Berührungen
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Abstract

Inquiries into the cultural-political conditions under which the hypothesis of a German collective guilt was first established begin with the Allied photographic and verbal documentation of Nazi “atrocities” and the lively public discussion of German collective responsibility in the immediate post-war era. The cultural and political chaos of the first post-war years generated an instructive variety of attempts at understanding the historical phenomenon of the Nazi regime in its psychological, cultural, and political aspects. But these provisional explanatory models (outside the official denazification politics) were soon neutralised and then suppressed by an increasingly powerful Holocaust discourse that drew almost exclusively on the (unquestionable) authority of memory-stories of victimisation. The ensuing, nowadays routinely lamented but rarely analysed, monumentalization and ritualization of the Holocaust discourse is supported by a growing disregard for the temporal nature of memory processes – a disregard that has obscured the historicity of the victims as well as of the perpetrators. The supra-historical status of the Holocaust, that is, the status of the discourse of the historical persecution of Jews, has demanded the supra- historical status of the thesis of a collective guilt of the Germans, as evidenced in its repeated cultural affirmations over the last 55 years and the concomitantly intensified politics of remembrance: the debates surrounding the Berlin Mahnmal issue, the Wehnnachtsaustellung. the Walser-Bubis-controversy, and the German involvement in Kosovo.

In: Schuld und Sühne? 2
In: Schuld und Sühne? 2
In: Schuld und Sühne? 2
Komparatistische Perspektiven auf die frühe deutsche Nachkriegsliteratur
Im Zentrum des Buchs steht die Re-Internationalisierung der deutschen Literaturszene nach 1945 in Auseinandersetzung mit anderen europäischen Literaturen und der amerikanischen Literatur.
Themen sind u. a. der literarische Blick des europäischen Auslands auf die deutschen Nachkriegsverhältnis- se, der Vergleich der deutschen mit den deutschsprachigen Literaturen Österreichs und der Schweiz sowie filmische Verarbeitungen der deutschen Nachkriegszeit aus Deutschland und Italien. Behandelt werden literarische Werke von Oskar Maria Graf, Thomas Mann, Friedrich Dürrenmatt, Max Frisch, Paul Celan, Ilse Aichinger, Wolfgang Hildesheimer, Gottfried Benn, Hans Mayer, Günter Eich, Ingeborg Bachmann, Stig Dagerman, Karl Valentin und Jean-Paul Sartre.