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The Form, Function, and Symbolism of the Civic Forum in the Southern Levant
Author: Daniel A. Frese
In The City Gate in Ancient Israel and Her Neighbors, Daniel A. Frese provides a wide-ranging portrayal of one of the most prominent social institutions in the kingdoms of the southern Levant during the Iron II period: the use of the city gate as a hub for numerous and diverse civic functions. The book provides an up-to-date description of the architecture of gate complexes based on archaeological evidence, and a systematic description of the many functions of the gate seen in hundreds of texts from the Hebrew Bible and the broader ancient Near East. The final chapters of the book discuss the conceptual significance of gates in Israelite culture, based on idiomatic and symbolic gate terminology in the Hebrew Bible.
Author: Daniel A. Frese

A noticeable feature of the D source’s rhetorical style is the repetitive use of stock terms and phrases, such as “the place which Yahweh your god will choose to establish his name.” The term שעריך “your gates” is one such term, and it occurs 27 times in D with a non-standard meaning when compared to the normal use of שער “gate” throughout the Hebrew Bible. The precise referent of שעריך has received very little scholarly attention, though a few different meanings have been suggested or implied: that “gates” are towns, that they are towns other than Jerusalem, that they are Israelite clans, or that they are literal, physical gates. In this paper I review and critique these suggestions, and propose a new definition for שעריך based on an analysis of its use in D. I conclude that שעריך refers to any covenantally-granted Israelite settlement within Canaan.

In: Vetus Testamentum
In: The City Gate in Ancient Israel and Her Neighbors
In: The City Gate in Ancient Israel and Her Neighbors
In: The City Gate in Ancient Israel and Her Neighbors
In: The City Gate in Ancient Israel and Her Neighbors
In: The City Gate in Ancient Israel and Her Neighbors
In: The City Gate in Ancient Israel and Her Neighbors
In: The City Gate in Ancient Israel and Her Neighbors
In: The City Gate in Ancient Israel and Her Neighbors