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In: Common Currents
In: The Future of Ocean Governance and Capacity Development
In: Navigating Straits
In: Science, Technology, and New Challenges to Ocean Law
In: Ocean Law Debates


Four Canadian international disputes in the Arctic are reviewed. They are: the Beaufort Sea boundary; the legal status of the Northwest Passage; ownership of Hans Island and location of the boundary in the Lincoln Sea between Canada and Greenland; and disagreement over the scope of legislative and enforcement jurisdiction bestowed by Article 234 of the UN Law of the Sea Convention.

Following a discussion of the four areas of conflict and the cooperative arrangements that have been forged to help calm international relations, the chapter explores the “foggy future” reality. When and how the Beaufort Sea boundary, Northwest Passage status, ownership of Hans Island and the location of the Lincoln Sea boundary will be resolved remains uncertain. Whether Article 234 will raise further international tussles over its use to justify unilateral shipping measures in the Arctic by coastal States, particularly Canada, is also unclear.

In: A Bridge over Troubled Waters
The management of transboundary fish stocks might be described as a complex mosaic. Multiple fora are trying to incrementally shift the fisheries management course towards a sustainable future. Recasting Transboundary Fisheries Management Arrangements in Light of Sustainability Principles reviews and critiques key recasting efforts with a primary focus on Canada’s transboundary fisheries management arrangements for the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. It provides a primer on the international law and policy framework governing transboundary fisheries and offers bilateral and regional case studies in the search for more principled fisheries governance approaches based on the new sustainability imperatives.

This book offers current Canadian and international perspectives on the challenges facing regional fisheries management organizations, as well as bilateral and national arrangements, as they face the tides of sustainability reform. Struggles to implement precautionary and ecosystem approaches are especially highlighted.
In: International Law and Politics of the Arctic Ocean