Muʿtazilite ideas and tendencies probably began to percolate into Jewish culture by the early ninth century. The reception of Muʿtazilite Kalām among Jews can be observed not only among those who wrote theological works, but also among those who were not professional theologians, both Rabbanites and Karaites. The presence of Kalām doctrines seems to have been rather widespread and longlasting, found among some Karaites until at least the seventeenth century.
Texts and Studies
David E. Sklare
The first part of this volume presents the known details of his life and extensive writings and describes the dynamics of contemporary, tenth-century Jewish culture: the decline and temporary restoration of the yeshivot and the intellectual activity outside of them. Additionally, some of the basic concepts of his thought, strongly influenced by Mu‘tazilite Kalām, are explained.
The book provides the Judeo-Arabic text and annotated English translation of two of his works on legal theory, his Treatise on the Commandments and Ten Questions, reconstructed from manuscript fragments from the Cairo Geniza.