Denzil G.M. Miller

The ‘Final Act of the Conference on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources’ included a statement made on 19 May 1980 by its Chairman. The ‘Chairman’s Statement’ addressed the CAMLR Convention’s application in waters adjacent to the Kerguelen and Crozet Islands over which France exercises jurisdiction by virtue of its sovereignty over the islands. The Statement included explicit reference to waters adjacent to other islands within the CCAMLR Area, where the existence of State sovereignty is recognised by all the Convention Contracting Parties. In 2007 the CCAMLR Performance Review noted the increasing frequency with which some Commission Members were invoking the Chairman’s Statement. In particular, the Review Panel expressed the view that a point has been reached where any Conservation Measure adopted by CCAMLR invariably attracts a formal reservation on the perception that a conservation measure affects the maritime jurisdictions of certain Members, particularly those exercising national sovereignty over sub-Antarctic islands in the CCAMLR Indian Ocean sector. This paper examines the background to, and practices associated with, applying CCAMLR Conservation Measure reservations under the Chairman’s Statement.

Denzil Miller, Eugene Sabourenkov and David Ramm

Abstract

This paper documents the experiences of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) in developing, and implementing, its fisheries conservation and management measures. Examples are given to show how the provisions of Article II of the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CAMLR Convention) have been applied in practice. Generally, these provisions strive for an ecosystem-based and precautionary approach to the management of harvested and non-harvested species. Emphasis is given to the development of management measures to deal with: (a) uncertainty associated with new and exploratory fisheries, (b) reduction and elimination (i.e.minimisation) of seabird bycatch in longline fisheries, (c) trade-related measures to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing on CCAMLR species, and (d) general environmental protection. CCAMLR's achievements are evaluated, potential threats to its future effectiveness are identified and some possible counteractions are offered.

Jacquelyn Turner, Julia Jabour and Denzil Miller

Denzil G.M. Miller, Natasha Slicer and Eugene N. Sabourenkov