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In: The World in World Wars

Abstract

Ottoman and Iraqi Nationality laws were not based on the liberal secular concept of national individual rights. The Lausanne Treaty and the series of nationality laws that emerged in its aftermath, based as they were on the Ottoman Nationality Law, assumed that religion and nationality were intertwined and singled out non-Muslims for protection. This chapter argues that while the language of the Iraqi Nationality Law did not designate the Shi’is of Iraq as a separate religious group, conflicts between Iraqi/British and Iranian officials and between these officials and local populations over jurisdictional sovereignty during implementation led to the deployment by all parties of the rhetoric of minority/majority and of sect.

In: Ottoman War and Peace
In: The World in World Wars

Abstract

Ottoman and Iraqi Nationality laws were not based on the liberal secular concept of national individual rights. The Lausanne Treaty and the series of nationality laws that emerged in its aftermath, based as they were on the Ottoman Nationality Law, assumed that religion and nationality were intertwined and singled out non-Muslims for protection. This chapter argues that while the language of the Iraqi Nationality Law did not designate the Shi’is of Iraq as a separate religious group, conflicts between Iraqi/British and Iranian officials and between these officials and local populations over jurisdictional sovereignty during implementation led to the deployment by all parties of the rhetoric of minority/majority and of sect.

In: Ottoman War and Peace
Middle Eastern Women in the Early Modern Era
This collection of articles by 14 Middle East historians is a pathbreaking work in the history of Middle Eastern women prior to the contemporary era. The collection seeks to begin the task of reconstructing the history of (Muslim) women's experience in the middle centuries of the Ottoman era, between the mid-seventeenth century and the early nineteenth, prior to hegemonic European involvement in the region and prior to the "modernizing reforms' inaugurated by the Ottoman regime.