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  • Author or Editor: Dominik Bonatz x
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This article discusses the functions of images in ancient Near Eastern societies. It points out the continuities as well as the discontinuities in the development of iconic systems from the 10th to the 1st millennium B. C. The function of images in different social contexts is considered as a starting point for a better understanding of the diversity of cultural techniques in relation to the use of images. Such considerations question the teleological character of the iconic evolution, which has largely been taken for granted in ancient Near Eastern art history. Instead it will be argued that a closer look at the adaptation, inclusion or exclusion on the part of the producers and users of images is necessary. This approach may also help to reshape the methodology of art history in ancient Near Eastern archaeology, and to comprehend the history behind the images, which exposes the cultural context in which visual practice developed.

In: Methodik und Didaktik in der Ägyptologie
In: The Aramaeans in Ancient Syria

The highlands of Sumatra remain one of the most neglected regions of insular Southeast Asia in terms of history and archaeology. No comprehensive research program incorporating both a survey and excavations within a defined geographical or environmental zone has been carried out there since Van der Hoop (1932) conducted his study of the megaliths on the Pasemah plateau in the 1930s. Meanwhile, Van der Hoop’s investigations and several other archaeological research activities at places such as northwest Lampung (McKinnon 1993), Pasemah (Sukendar and Sukidjo 1983-84; Caldwell 1997; Kusumawati and Sukendar 2000), Kerinci (Laporan 1995a, 1996a), and the Minangkabau heartland (Miksic 1986, 1987, 2004) have placed special emphasis on the megalithic remains. As a result, the megaliths are by far the bestknown archaeological attraction of the Sumatran highlands.

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