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  • Author or Editor: EZIO VACCARI x
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In: Nuncius
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<title> SUMMARY </title>The relevance of German mineralogy and mining was completely recognized in northern Italy during the eighteenth century, for example in the work of two distinguished Italian scientists such as Giovanni Arduino and Benedetto Spirito Nicolis di Robilant Malet. Nevertheless, between the end of the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth century, the growing diffusion of the lithogenetic theories of Abraham Gottlob Werner caused the internal division of the Italian scientific community between «volcanists» and «neptunists». The present study gives a general look at this controversy, through published and unpublished sources, paying particular attention to the Venetian area.

In: Nuncius
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<title> SUMMARY </title>The aim of the presentation of the correspondence of the venetian scientist Giovanni Arduino (1714-1795) is to provide a tool for future research concerning the body of scientific work of this important scholar who has scarcely been appreciated by historians of eighteenth century geology until now. The inventory of correspondence includes unpublished letters found in various collections of manuscripts and letters published in periodicals of the eighteenth century. The correspondence, covering the period 1753-1795, allows the reconstruction of the stages of development of Giovanni Arduino scientific and technical contribution.

In: Nuncius
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<title> SUMMARY </title>The publication of Giovanni Arduino's Risposta allegorico-romanzesc<?CTRLerr type="1" mess="Doute sur la typo" ?>a to J. J. Ferber highlights an unpublished and crucial aspect of Arduino's geology. The concept of epoch, applied to the history of the changes undergone by the Earth's crust, is put forward well before Buffon's Epoques de la Nature. Moreover the reflections of Arduino open up a «third possibility» between the catastrophist and uniformitarian hypotheses. This goes beyond the rigid antithesis between «Neptunism» and «Plutonism», which constituded the conditioning element of the study of Earth Science in Europe around the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth century.

In: Nuncius