One of the central figures in the zurkhaneh of Iran is Pahlavan Mahmud Kharazmi, nicknamed Puria-ye-Wali (1247-1326). Pahlavan Mahmud symbolises the ideal warrior, and he is the embodiment of javanmardi, Iranian chivalry. The Pahlavan Mahmud Mausoleum in the city of Khiva, Uzbekistan, claims to be his burial site. The inner walls of the mausoleum are adorned with Pahlavan Mahmud’s poetry. Is there a resemblance between the Pahlavan Mahmud as it is presented by the poetry and the one which is the ideal warrior of the zurkhaneh?