Edward Bizub


Marcel Proust based his conception of Truth on two principles, both linked to his personal investigation of the unconscious: on the one hand, the body’s memory, which he put into practice during his psychotherapy in total isolation (1905–1906) with Doctor Paul Sollier and, on the other hand, historical memory harking back to France’s roots founded in Christianity. Seeking a regression of the personality in his patients by stimulating their bodily sensations in order to bring to light their unconscious (which in Proust’s vocabulary became “another self”), Sollier openly defied Freud, accusing the latter of having eliminated physical associations in favour of a talking cure. Furthermore, Proust’s impassioned resistance to the law of 1905 by which the State cut its official ties with the Catholic Church is part and parcel of the author’s metaphorical insistence on the religious nature of the revelation contained in the last volume of À la recherche du temps perdu (Remembrance of Things Past) and it motivated his willingness to construct his novel on the model of a cathedral.