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Starting from the gendered metaphors used for Roman conquest, this article discusses the various ways women were affected by Roman imperialism. It focuses, on the one hand, on women of the elite in Rome and Italy during the period of expansion and, on the other, on women of various classes in the newly conquered provinces of the Roman West, both in the northern more peripheral regions and in the Mediterranean core provinces. It is argued that there were great differences in responses to Roman conquest and rule between, and among, these groups of women depending, among other things, on their class, wealth and ethnic identity. Though Roman rule did affect all women, it did not have the same effect on all.

In: Gendering Roman Imperialism
In: Women and the Roman City in the Latin West
In: Women and the Roman City in the Latin West
In: Women and the Roman City in the Latin West
In: Women and the Roman City in the Latin West
In: The Impact of Imperial Rome on Religions, Ritual and Religious Life in the Roman Empire
In: Ritual Dynamics and Religious Change in the Roman Empire
In: Integration in Rome and in the Roman World
Roman Cities, as conventionally studied, seem to be dominated by men. Yet as the contributions to this volume—which deals with the Roman cities of Italy and the western provinces in the late Republic and early Empire—show, women occupied a wide range of civic roles. Women had key roles to play in urban economies, and a few were prominent public figures, celebrated for their generosity and for their priestly eminence, and commemorated with public statues and grand inscriptions. Drawing on archaeology and epigraphy, on law and art as well as on ancient texts, this multidisciplinary study offers a new and more nuanced view of the gendering of civic life. It asks how far the experience of women of the smaller Italian and provincial cities resembled that of women in the capital, how women were represented in sculptural art as well as in inscriptions, and what kinds of power or influence they exercised in the societies of the Latin West.