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Author: Eva Kepplinger

Abstract

Calls for reforms in Islam have been made repeatedly and they address different domains where changes are regarded as necessary. While some proponents of this need argue, for example, for the necessity of reform strictly in the area of Islamic law, others think that the complete understanding of the Islamic worldview needs to be reconsidered. There are certain scholars and thinkers today who are seen as reformers and by whose contributions a step towards an appropriate understanding and interpretation of Islam is hoped to be taken. This chapter discusses the contribution of two such scholars. In the field of ethics the Moroccan philosopher Taha Abderrahmane (b. 1944) and his ethical-philosophical concept of iʾtimāniyya will be presented. In the discipline of law and legal philosophy the famous Mālikī scholar Abū Isḥāq al-Shāṭibī (d. 790/1388) and his maqāṣid-thinking are considered as indispensible in the current legal discussion. Since both are viewed as reformers in the modern age, and because of similarities but also differences in their ethical and legal thinking, this chapter aims to discuss the ideas and considerations of these two major scholars. Because Abderrahmane addresses the maqāṣid and their reform, and refers to al-Shāṭibī, the chapter will also shed light on this connection and Abderrahmane’s interpretation.

Open Access
In: Islamic Ethics and the Trusteeship Paradigm: Taha Abderrahmane’s Philosophy in Comparative Perspectives
Author: Eva Kepplinger

Abstract

Calls for reforms in Islam have been made repeatedly and they address different domains where changes are regarded as necessary. While some proponents of this need argue, for example, for the necessity of reform strictly in the area of Islamic law, others think that the complete understanding of the Islamic worldview needs to be reconsidered. There are certain scholars and thinkers today who are seen as reformers and by whose contributions a step towards an appropriate understanding and interpretation of Islam is hoped to be taken. This chapter discusses the contribution of two such scholars. In the field of ethics the Moroccan philosopher Taha Abderrahmane (b. 1944) and his ethical-philosophical concept of iʾtimāniyya will be presented. In the discipline of law and legal philosophy the famous Mālikī scholar Abū Isḥāq al-Shāṭibī (d. 790/1388) and his maqāṣid-thinking are considered as indispensible in the current legal discussion. Since both are viewed as reformers in the modern age, and because of similarities but also differences in their ethical and legal thinking, this chapter aims to discuss the ideas and considerations of these two major scholars. Because Abderrahmane addresses the maqāṣid and their reform, and refers to al-Shāṭibī, the chapter will also shed light on this connection and Abderrahmane’s interpretation.

Open Access
In: Islamic Ethics and the Trusteeship Paradigm: Taha Abderrahmane’s Philosophy in Comparative Perspectives
Geschichte und ethische Konsequenzen für die Gegenwart
Der vorliegende Band geht auf ein ein internationales Kolloquium in Heidelberg zurück, das 2006 Ergebnisse eines Projektes vorstellte, das die verschollen geglaubten psychiatrischen Krankenakten der Opfer der 'Aktion T4', der zentral organisierten Phase der Krankenmorde, erstmals systematisch untersucht. Zudem wurde der gegenwärtige Forschungsstand zu dieser ersten großen Massenvernichtungsaktion des NS-Regimes zusammengetragen.