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  • Author or Editor: Fernando Dias Simões x
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Abstract

Since 2015, the European Commission (EC) has been advocating the establishment of an investment court system (ICS). A key aspect of the proposal is the creation of the strictest ethical standards ever seen in the field of investor-state arbitration. The exercise of functions as an arbitrator does not traditionally require exclusivity, and many lawyers offer their services in the market in other capacities. This situation is described as the “double hat” phenomenon and is seen as one of the most frequent moral hazards in investment arbitration. Both the Comprehensive Economic Trade Agreement (CETA) and the Commission’s investment chapter proposal for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) prohibit adjudicators from acting as legal counsel in other investment dispute cases. This article discusses the potential advantages and drawbacks of the EC’s approach to the “multiple hat” problem and their potential impact on the investment arbitration system as a whole.

In: The Law & Practice of International Courts and Tribunals
From National Terroirs to a Global Market
This 26-chapter volume brings together leading academics and practitioners to examine how wine law and policy have gradually moved from national terroirs to a global market. It is the first holistic study of the comprehensive field of wine law which posits that the wine laws and regulations have caused an enormous imbalance between different jurisdictions, which has either resulted in the overregulation, which stifles innovation, and under-regulation, which leaves many a wine consumer clueless about what they are drinking. This book brings together legal scholarship about trade law, intellectual property rights, and health law and policy which are all relevant for the future of the wine industry.
In: Wine Law and Policy
In: Wine Law and Policy
In: Wine Law and Policy
In: Wine Law and Policy