Search Results

Restricted Access

Florike Egmond

Restricted Access

FLORIKE EGMOND

Abstract

<title> ABSTRACT </title>LIBRI PICTURATI A. 16-30 in Krakow comprise one of the largest and most valuable European collections of botanical and zoological watercolours. Since their rediscovery in the 1970s several theories have arisen about the origins of this collection, while much new evidence has been uncovered especially since the 1990s. This article brings together and evaluates all the available evidence - ranging from watermarks to the social ties linking naturalia collectors and from annotations to illustrators - in order to test opposing theories concerning the involvement of Clusius, Saint Omer and Cluyt in the creation of the original core of the collection.

Restricted Access

Series:

Florike Egmond

Abstract

Most descriptions of marine life by naturalists of the sixteenth century concern the Mediterranean (Rondelet, Belon, Salviani), while evidence of fieldwork at sea or along the coasts is rare for the North Sea and North Atlantic. Here, the focus is on textual and visual evidence of both first-hand observations and “field work once removed” in manuscript sources of the second half of the sixteenth century: the richly illustrated albums of Adriaen Coenen (1514-1587), son of a Dutch fisherman and practical expert on marine life; and the letters (1597-1604) from Henrik Høyer in Norway to the naturalist Carolus Clusius. The focus is on their motivation; research methods; particular areas of interest; and the problems involved in the preservation of marine animals.