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Author: Götz König

Since the Hellenistic times (if not earlier) Iran participates in the philosophical development of classical Greece. In the times of the Sasanians some knowledge of Aristotelian and Neo-Platonic thinking is detectable, and treatises were written for Xosrō I by philosophers who were well acquainted with the writings of Aristotle. It was always maintained that also Sasanian Zoroastrianism was affected through these Greek-Iranian contacts. But it is remarkable that among the Zoroastrian writings of the 9th-10th centuries only two books–Dēnkard 3 and Škand Gumānīg Wīzār–seem to be substantially influenced by Aristotelian/Neo-Platonic terms and concepts. The paper deals with the question whether the Greek elements within these texts should not better be understood as the fruit of a Zoroastrian participation in the general interest of the Islamic world in Greek thinking in Abbasid Baghdad.

In: Iran and the Caucasus
In: Ein pluriverses Universum
In: zaraθuštrōtəma

Since the works of M. Boyce, Zoroastrianism is often analyzed on the axiomatic basis of an “immense conservatism”. This position seems to be methodologically, hermeneutically and empirically unsatisfying. My research on the history of the Zoroastrian cult of fire indicates that even at the heart of Zoroastrian identity – the worship of (an eternal) fire – resides history. In the following article I try to follow, retrogradely, the historical tracks of the eternal fire in Zoroastrianism, from the New Persian Zoroastrian sources to the Young Avestan texts.

In: Iran and the Caucasus
Author: Götz König

The Nask Bayān, once part of the so called Greater (Sasanian) Avesta, but now lost, became a central issue of discussion in the Avestan Studies over the last 15 years. These discussions tried to clarify its relation to the collection of the Yašts (and to the Xorde Avesta) and to reconstruct types of a liturgical celebration of this Bayān Nask or of parts of it. The following article gives an overview on the recent research. It gives also some new suggestions concerning the structure of the collection of the Yašts.

In: Iran and the Caucasus
Zivilisationen und Religionen im antiken Mittelmeerraum
Der antike Mittelmeerraum war unzweifelhaft ein pluriverses Universum. Der vermeintlich einheitliche Raum wurde geprägt von unterschiedlichen Einheiten, die in intensivem Austausch miteinander standen, und so wurde das Mittelmeer zur Wiege zahlreicher Religionen. Wer »Mittelmeerraum« sagt, bringt Fernand Braudels Forschungen ins Spiel und legt eine Analogie zu seinem Grundkonzept für die antike Welt nahe. Von einer longue durée wird auch in diesem Sammelband ausgegangen, in dem die bleibende Bedeutung der antiken und vorantiken Hochkulturen für die Religionen des Mittelmeerraums dargelegt wird. Dabei wird keine umfassende Religionsgeschichte des antiken Mittelmeerraums vorgelegt, sondern entsprechend der dynamischen Komplexität des Raumes werden Akzentuierungen mediterraner Religionsgeschichte des Mittelmeerraums vorgenommen.