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In An Introduction to the Law of International Criminal Tribunals Geert-Jan Alexander Knoops offers an overview of the basic topics in international criminal law (ICL).

It discusses main characteristics of International Criminal Tribunals (ICTs), as well as definitions of international crimes. The book will delve into issues of jurisdiction and complementarity, liability principles and specialized defences. Other topics are: due process rights, evidence, trials in absentia and State cooperation. A new chapter is devoted to the geopolitical effects of international criminal prosecutions.

The second revised edition includes a chapter on the “new” crime of aggression and is updated with the most recent developments in ICL. The book is essential to everyone becoming familiar with the basic topics and challenges within ICL.
This is the first textbook to provide a comprehensive overview and practical guide to the law and practice of international criminal tribunals, the ICTY, ICTR, and ICC, as well as mixed international courts, such as the Special Court for Sierra Leone and the Cambodia Tribunal. It is a roadmap to the law and practice of the growing number of international criminal tribunals.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
The Prosecution and Defense of Peacekeepers under International Criminal Law is the first comprehensive study on the international judicial implications of prosecution of international peacekeepers and members of military crisis operations under the principles of international criminal law and especially those of the International Criminal Court (ICC).
Based on both domestic case law and that of the ICTY-ICTR, this study analyzes the foundation and application of international criminal liability concepts and defenses from the perspective of the prosecution and defense in the area of peacekeeping. This book assesses whether prosecution of international peacekeepers merits a distinct judicial position due to (UN) peacekeeping mandates as well as the concept of Rules of Engagement. Special attention is paid to the new era of international military crisis operations in terms of prosecution and defense of military servicemen involved in these operations.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
This innovative book provides an incisive, knowledgeable and comprehensive study of the promises and limitations of the emerging phenomenon of surrender of individuals to international criminal courts, such as the International Criminal Court of the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the International Criminal Court of Rwanda (ICTR), and the International Criminal Court (ICC). It is the first study on this area.
The author analyses the distinctions and similarities with international extradition norms and persuasively establishes the international legal confinements of the surrender concept and the role of states and NATO-forces within this concept. In developing an international uniform framework for the surrender of individuals to international criminal courts, the author meticulously examines the Statutes of the ICTY, ICTR and ICC as well as their case law on this subject in conjunction with that of the European Court of Human Rights.


Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
In an area of law so thoroughly politicized, culturally freighted and passionately punitive, there is need for an extraordinary measure of protection for the accused if we are to pay more than lip service to justice.
Defenses in Contemporary International Criminal Law ventures farther into this uneasy territory than any previous work, offering a meticulous analysis of the case law in the post World War II Military Tribunals and the ad hoc tribunals for Rwanda and the Former Yugoslavia, with particular attention to the defenses developed, their rationales, and their origins in various municipal systems. It analyzes the defense provisions in the charters and statutes underlying these tribunals and the new International Criminal Court.

Dr. Knoops' conceptual reach not only includes the defenses recognized in the field's jurisprudence and scholarship (superior orders, duress, self-defense, insanity, necessity, immunity of States) but also presents a strong case for the incorporation of genetic and neurobiological data into the working assets of the international criminal defense attorney.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
In Redressing Miscarriages of Justice (2nd ed.) Geert-Jan Alexander Knoops offers an extensive review of the (procedural) mechanisms available in different (international) criminal law systems, in order to prevent and redress miscarriages of justice. The mechanisms will be illustrated on the basis of the causes of miscarriages of justice.

Disclosure deficiencies, false confessions, eyewitness misidentification and (fraudulent) forensic sciences are all topics that pass in review. The new chapter to this 2nd edition gives particular insight from a defence perspective; it delves into the issue of challenging and investigating forensic “science” reports and is illustrated with some vivid case examples.

The book is essential to everyone studying and challenging wrongful convictions, since it combines both procedures and causes.
Professor Knoops’ work functions not only as an essential textbook but also as a practical guide for practitioners on the procedural mechanisms available to them after they have exhausted all locally available remedies for redressing miscarriages of justice.

Redressing Miscarriages of Justice in (Inter)national Criminal Cases succinctly analyzes techniques and practices before both national courts and international criminal tribunals, attempting to answer such questions as “when is a conviction safe or unsafe” and “when and how to assess and introduce fresh evidence to reopen a criminal case.” While addressing, inter alia, the role of human rights protection and forensic sciences in this area, the text develops a legal framework which is instrumental for practitioners dealing with review procedures before domestic courts (U.S., U.K., Canada, the Netherlands) and international criminal tribunals such as the ICTY, ICTR and ICC.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
This Volume offers an overview of all aspects of mens rea that may surface before the International Criminal Court (ICC).
The book commences with an introduction of the concept of mens rea and controversies concerning this concept before national courts and ad hoc tribunals. This is followed by an examination of the definitional elements of mens rea at the ad hoc tribunals. The mens rea requirements for the specific liability modes applied at the ad hoc tribunals will be examined. Subsequently, definitional aspects of mens rea at the ICC will be discussed, and in particular the mens rea requirements for the specific liability modes as provided for in the Rome Statute. Separate chapters will address the mens rea requirements for the crimes listed in the Rome Statute: war crimes, genocide, crimes against humanity and the crime of aggression, respectively. An analysis of customary international law or the standards promulgated by the ad hoc tribunals will be used as examples where the ICC case law is scarce. A specific chapter will be devoted to mens rea requirements for political speeches. In some cases, certain speeches have been said to be catalysts of international crimes. Therefore, it is relevant to examine how the accused’s intent was construed. The book will conclude with mens rea defenses in international criminal law, which will be specifically applied to the defenses listed in the Rome Statute.

This article delves into issues of individual and State (criminal) liability for (lethal) drone operations; a yet unexplored area given the proliferation of drone attacks in recent years. The criteria under which military and political leaders can (possibly) be held criminally accountable for conducting drone attacks within and outside an armed conflict are outlined, based upon ICTY, ICC and ECHR-case law. Against this background, the discrepancies and pitfalls of the U.S. policy vis-à-vis drone attacks are discerned, as well as the subject-matter of responsibilities of third states which facilitate principal States such as the U.S. in these attacks.

In: International Criminal Law Review