Atlantic history in the second half of the eighteenth century has long been associated with war. The Seven Years’ War became a global struggle between 1754 and 1763. The settlement that ended that conflict proved unstable, and soon thereafter the Atlantic was plunged into an Age of Revolution, with violent upheavals in North America, France, and Haiti. These Revolutions in turn lay the groundwork for the Napoleonic Wars, which upset virtually all of Europe and Latin America. Historians have long sought to connect these conflicts using the tools of narrative history. Embedded within the conflicts of this era are stories of peace. In the Ohio River Valley, Enlightenment France, Ireland, Philadelphia, Senegal, Peru, and other places across the Atlantic World, writers, policy-makers, preachers and warriors responded to the bloody politics of the era by imagining peaceful futures. Indigenous Americans, Europeans, colonists, and slaves developed alternative programs to achieve peace. Though they were not always aware of each other, these dreamers and fighters were responding to common problems. This essay asks what we can learn by telling their stories together within a narrative encompassing the Atlantic World.
Quakers and Native Americans examines the history of interactions between Quakers and Native Americans (American Indians). Fourteen scholarly essays cover the period from the 1650s to the twentieth century. American Indians often guided the Quakers by word and example, demanding that they give content to their celebrated commitment to peace. As a consequence, the Quakers’ relations with American Indians has helped define their sense of mission and propelled their rise to influence in the U.S. Quakers have influenced Native American history as colonists, government advisors, and educators, eventually promoting boarding schools, assimilation and the suppression of indigenous cultures. The final two essays in this collection provide Quaker and American Indian perspectives on this history, bringing the story up to the present day.
Contributors include: Ray Batchelor, Lori Daggar, John Echohawk, Stephanie Gamble, Lawrence M. Hauptman, Allison Hrabar, Thomas J. Lappas, Carol Nackenoff, Paula Palmer, Ellen M. Ross, Jean R. Soderlund, Mary Beth Start, Tara Strauch, Marie Balsley Taylor, Elizabeth Thompson, and Scott M. Wert.