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Luttikhuizen, Gerard P.

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Gerard P. Luttikhuizen

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Gerard P. Luttikhuizen

This book argues that the intellectuals behind early Gnostic revisions of Genesis stories were second-century Christians with an ideological background in Greek-Hellenistic philosophy, who adopted and reinterpreted biblical narrative materials with a view to exposing the inferiority of the creator-God of Genesis and the ignorance of those Christians who continued to worship this God. It also discusses controversies between Gnostic and early orthodox Christians about the person and the mission of Jesus Christ.
The first part examines the possible polemical function, the philosophical thought structure, and the narrative scheme of the Genesis rewritings, and continues with studies of individual episodes of the Gnostic myth, from the creation of Adam up to the story of Noah and the Flood. The second part focuses on Gnostic reinterpretations of the teaching and the passion of Jesus.
The book includes essays about Gnostic theology, ancient and modern readings of Gnostic texts, and an appendix dealing with the ancient baptist community in which Mani was reared.
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Eve’s Children

The Biblical Stories Retold and Interpreted in Jewish and Christian Traditions

Edited by Gerard P. Luttikhuizen

This volume is devoted to the biblical stories about Eve’s children, Cain, Abel, and Seth, and to the rewritings and explanations of these stories in a variety of early Jewish and Christian sources (Old Testament Apocrypha, Philo of Alexandria, Targumim, the New Testament, Rabbinic and Kabbalistic texts, Christian-Gnostic and Patristic Literature). Attention is given also to post-biblical stories speaking about Eve’s daughters and to traditions in which Cain is viewed as the son of the Devil. Three essays examine how the biblical stories were re-used and evaluated in modern fiction, from Clemens Brentano and Lord Byron to John Steinbeck’s East of Eden.
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Paradise Interpreted

Representations of Biblical Paradise in Judaism and Christianity

Edited by Gerard P. Luttikhuizen

This study on the representations of Paradise in the Hebrew Bible (Genesis 2-3 and Ezekiel 28) also deals with the reception of the biblical accounts in early Jewish writings (Enochic texts, the Book of Jubilees, Qumran texts) in Rabbinics and Kabbalah, early mainstream Christianity and in early Christian apocryphal and Gnostic literature. Two further chapters are devoted to views of Paradise in the Christian Middle Ages. The volume concludes with the interpretation of Paradise in John Milton's epic poem Paradise Lost.
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The Creation of Man and Woman

Interpretations of the Biblical in Jewish and Christian Traditions

Edited by Gerard P. Luttikhuizen

This volume deals with the three stories about the creation of man and woman in the Hebrew Bible (Genesis 1:26-27; 2:7; and 2:18-25) and with diverse interpretations of these narratives in Judaism and Christianity, particularly in ancient Jewish and Christian texts: Old Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha, Philo, the apostle Paul, Patristic, Rabbinic, and Gnostic texts. Other chapters are devoted to John Milton's recreation of Eve and Adam, to a psycho-analytical reconsideration of the biblical creation stories, and to divine creation as a model for human creation in theatre and other art forms.