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Gershon Galil

This pioneering study wrestles with the perpetual problem of chronology in the Books of Kings. Starting from the conservative assumptions that the courts of Israel and Judah maintained regnal records, and that these for the most part accurately reflect regnal length, the author arrives at a new and persuasive dating for the reigns and their synchronisms.
In addition, his chronological scheme includes all points of contact between Israel and Judah and external powers, especially Assyria. The result is one of the most responsible and yet most critical chronologies proposed to date, and will be the standard chronological reference for the next decade, if not longer.
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Gershon Galil

This pioneering study wrestles with the perpetual problem of the structure of the Neo-Asssyrian society. Part I of this volume surveys all 446 Lower Stratum families in the period under review (800-600 B.C.), mentioned in 177 texts, mainly legal transactions, administrative records, court decisions, and letters. It also examines the terminology, the formulation of the texts, and the status of these families. Part II of this volume considers socio-economic and demographic issues, including family types, family size, marriage patterns, childless families, single-parent families, and more.
It is the most important and the most responsible study of the lower stratum of Neo-Assyrian society proposed to date, and it will be the point of departure of every study of this field in the future.
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Gershon Galil

Abstract

This paper reexamines ND 2443+, a Neo-Assyrian administrative record excavated at Calah in 1952, and first published by Barbara Parker in 1961 (Iraq 23, pp. 27-28). A new translation of this important text is presented, followed by a few notes and a discussion on the relation between the Israelite exile Hilqī-Iāu, and the city Sagbat/Bīt-Sagbat in Media. The text should be dated to the last years of Tiglath-pileser III since it mentions Bēl-Harrān-bēlu-usur, the nāgir ekalli, first appointed ca. 775 B.C., and the Israelites Hilqī-Iāu and Gir-Iāu, probably exiled from Israel after the 733-732 B.C. campaign. In light of the new interpretation of ND 2443+ the issue of “the cities of Media” (1 Kgs 17:6; 18:14) is reconsidered, and it is suggested that ND 2443+ indicates the deportation of Israelites to Media in the last years of Tiglath-pileser III.

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Edited by Gershon Galil and Moshe Weinfeld

This book is presented to Professor Zecharia Kallai, one of the leading scholars of Historical Geography of the Bible, by his students and friends. It contains a collection of studies in Historical Geography and Biblical Historiography.
The book is divided into three parts: Historical Geography, Biblical History and Historiography, and Texts and Textual Studies. The book is concluded with a list of Kallai’s publications.
Part one contains articles by Shmuel Ahituv, Aaron Demsky, Volkmar Fritz, Gershon Galil, M. Heltzer, André Lemaire, Zeev Safrai, B. Oded and Joshua Schwartz. Part two contains articles by Yairah Amit, Graeme Auld, David Elgavish, Moshe Garsiel, E.L. Greenstein, A.F. Rainey, Shmuel Vargon. And part three contains articles by Yitzhak Avishur, Bob Becking, Moshe Elat, Bezalel Porten & Ada Yardeni, Moshe Weinfeld and Ze’ev Weisman.
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Gershon Galil and Moshe Weinfeld

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Gershon Galil and Moshe Weinfeld

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Gershon Galil and Moshe Weinfeld

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Series:

Gershon Galil and Moshe Weinfeld