Every year, in agreement with municipal authorities and without publicity, a Senegalese Haalpulaar Sufi sheikh and his Fulfulde-speaking adherents create a daaka, a religious space, in Mantes-la-Jolie. Some 5000 migrants re-establish the social and religious life of their Tijani culture, vitalising the programme of a retreat of the sacred village of Medina Gounass in Senegal and the chain of sheikhs and their Baraka. The article uses various concepts of memory (Jan Assmann, Astrid Erll and Danièle Hervieu-Léger) in order to place the daaka within a transcultural and French context. This is done on the backdrop of Haalpulaar history.
Religion, Ethnicity and Transnational Migration between West Africa and Europe focuses on the West African migrants’ presence in Europe and the way they negotiate religion and ethnicity in a new context. Special attention is given to the diversity of religious background of the migrants and to exploration of interreligious (especially Christian-Muslim) relations. These dimensions of transnational migration have not been widely researched, yet.
After introducing the new African religious diaspora, the situation of the Senegalese, Ghanaian and Fulbe migrants – both Christian and Muslim – in France, Spain, the Netherlands, Germany and Switzerland is analysed. The impact the migrants make on their communities of origin in Africa is also taken into account.
Contributors are: Afe Adogame, Martha Frederiks, Stanisław Grodź, Tilmann Heil, Monika Salzbrunn, José C.M. van Santen, Miriam Schader, Etienne Smith and Gina Gertrud Smith.