Search Results

In: The Word in Arabic
In: Dār al-islām / dār al-ḥarb
In: Dār al-islām / dār al-ḥarb
This is the first monograph-length volume entirely devoted to the theoretical and empirical issues raised by the definition of ‘word’ and related concepts in Arabic, both at the historical and synchronic level. Some of the best-known scholars in the field of Arabic linguistics debate such issues as the technical definition of words and morphemes in the Arabic grammatical and rhetorical traditions, the theoretical status of the root and its interactions with morphology, the analysis of word in the computer treatment of Arabic texts, some relevant phenomena in the contact of Arabic with other languages. The result is a fresh portrait of some of the most interesting research currently under way in Arabic linguistics from different theoretical and methodological viewpoints.
This is the first collection of studies entirely devoted to the terminological pair dār al-islām / dar al-ḥarb, “the abode of Islam” and “the abode of war”, apparently widely known as representative of “the Islamic vision” of the world, but in fact almost unexplored. A team of specialists in different fields of Islamic studies investigates the issue in its historical and conceptual origins as well as in its reception within the different genres of Muslim written production. In contrast to the fixed and permanent categories they are currently identified with, the multifaceted character of these two notions and their shifting meanings is set out through the analysis of a wide range of contexts and sources, from the middle ages up to modern times.

Contributors are Francisco Apellániz, Michel Balivet, Giovanna Calasso, Alessandro Cancian, Éric Chaumont, Roberta Denaro, Maribel Fierro, Chiara Formichi, Yohanan Friedmann, Giuliano Lancioni, Yaacov Lev, Nicola Melis, Luis Molina, Antonino Pellitteri, Camille Rhoné-Quer, Francesca Romana Romani, Biancamaria Scarcia Amoretti, Roberto Tottoli, Raoul Villano, Eleonora Di Vincenzo and Francesco Zappa.
In: The Word in Arabic

Abstract

Sībawayhi’s Kitāb devotes a large section to the analysis of different typologies of verbal valency in Arabic. This analysis is unprecedented in other linguistic traditions in both extent and depth, and largely outperforms later Arab grammarians’ treatment in its peculiar concern for what would be called thematic roles or actants in contemporary linguistics, which has shown a growing interest in this matter for the last decades.

Valency in the Kitāb is analyzed from a prevalent logic-semantic perspective which strikingly differs from the sharper distinction of the level of lafẓ and maʿnā, which became normative for later grammarians. In particular, Sībawayhi accurately distinguishes verbs that ‘pass over’ (taʿaddā) one or more objects (mafʿūl) and/or subjects/agents (fāʿil), which refers to the semantic-thematic role of the arguments rather than to their ‘surface’ realization as fāʿil or mafʿūl. This analysis is an interesting earliest example of the type of classification of verb classes, which has become a central issue in some contemporary lexicalist approaches to grammar. The paper presents a taxonomy of verb classes detected by Sībawayhi and a discussion of implications of such an early treatment of verbal valency for both the history of linguistics and current linguistic analyses of Arabic.

In: The Foundations of Arabic Linguistics II
In: The Word in Arabic
In: The Word in Arabic
In: The Word in Arabic