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In: Gregory of Nyssa: In Canticum Canticorum
Author: Giulio Maspero

Abstract

This paper analyzes Gregory of Nyssa’s argument in his confutation of Eunomius’ Trinitarian theology. Gregory’s response appeals to “common notions” (αἱ κοιναὶ ἔννοιαι) as well as Scripture, thus Eunomius’ arguments are undermined at the level of ontology so as to reveal how his reasoning satisfies neither the requisites of Scripture nor those of philosophy. Gregory of Nyssa proceeds by modifying and extending ontology in order to describe the new reality made known by Revelation. To follow the line of his argument means to accompany reason itself as it delves into this unexplored territory, now newly accessible through the personal relation with the one and triune God who reveals Himself. Gregory’s critique is approached according to three specific moments: 1) a confutation in eminently philosophical terms; 2) an analysis according to Scriptural verification; 3) and a properly theological confutation. After a pars destruens that is principally based on a critical and philosophical approach, there follows a pars construens which is more theological. The core of this theological argument is the formulation of the personal distinction of the Father, of the Son and of the Spirit and their being co-relative.

In: Gregory of Nyssa: Contra Eunomium I
Author: Giulio Maspero

Abstract

In order to approach the Origenist crises through the category of “minority”, some remarks are needed. It is necessary to avoid any anachronistic projection of modern understanding on the past. But, at the same time, the epistemological challenge could be useful to go beyond historicism in contemporary Dogmengeschichte. The condemnation of Origenism in the mark of the 2nd Council of Constantinople, in fact, presents a deep difference with respect to the Three Chapters issue. The main question at stake was not merely the Emperor’s ecclesiastical politics in view of the unity of the Empire and of the Church. Having recourse to Christian Gnilka’s categories, it can be shown that the 6th century condemnations were the krisis of a chrêsis, that is a judgement on the use of Origen in (Evagrian) monasticism of that time.

In: Annuarium Historiae Conciliorum

Cyril’s epistle XLI is addressed to Acacius of Scythopolis and discusses the exegesis of the scapegoat in Lev 16. The importance of the question is witnessed to by the presence of letter in the Patristic dossier of the Acts of the Council of Ephesus. Palestine, the region of the addressee, was characterized by the necessity of facing at the same time both the Semitic and the pagan cultures. The paper shows, on the diachronic background of the main works devoted to the same subject, that the very confrontation of Judaism and paganism is the key element for the formulation of Cyril's Christological interpretation. Through it he tries to reject any possibility of an exegesis of the biblical text in a dialectical form contrary to peace.

In: Annuarium Historiae Conciliorum
In: Gregory of Nyssa: In Canticum Canticorum
In: Gregory of Nyssa: In Canticum Canticorum
In: Gregory of Nyssa: In Canticum Canticorum