In: Looking Beyond?

This introduction proposes that the re-emergence and rediscovery of religion should be seen against the background of globalization on the one hand and localization on the other. These processes require an open dialogue on the architecture and guiding morality of the global order, in which religion is not only a factor to be taken seriously, but also a participant itself. A Christian contribution to this dialogue can draw on an age-old tradition of Jewish and Christian engagement with the political order, manifesting itself in three genres: judgment, expectation, and exhortation. The introduction also explains the aim of the Kuyper seminars and provides a short overview of the articles in this issue.

In: Philosophia Reformata

This article sketches a research agenda for the development of a Christianly inspired perspective in International Relations. It is argued that a practice-approach offers fruitful starting points for such an attempt. This approach shares three fundamental insights with the Christian philosophical approach known as Reformational philosophy, namely that science is just one mode of relating to the world, that human action and human freedom should be taken seriously, and that reality is intrinsically meaningful. In turn, Reformational philosophy can deepen existing practice-approaches on four points. In the first place, it addresses the fundamental notion that all human beings have an (Archimedean) point of trust. Secondly, it includes the notion that reality is made up of many dimensions. Thirdly, it takes seriously dominant cultural ideas or so-called groundmotives. Finally, a Reformational approach is sensitive to vicissitudinary processes which may open up or close down certain positive developments in history.

In: Philosophia Reformata

Populism is a notoriously difficult term to define—almost synonymous, it seems, with democracy as far as content is concerned. This essay distinguishes between a political and a critical use of the term, and then presents some classical voices on forms of “populism” that constitute threats to democracy. Christianity made the problem of democracy much more urgent than it was in the classical period. Since the rise of Christianity in the West one has to be a democrat. This lack of other options obliges us to be extremely careful. We need to know when populism is a threat to democracy, when it is healthy, and when it is neither. An attempt is made by distinguishing between three types of political representation that correspond to three possible forms of underrepresentation. New sociopolitical movements can emerge as a response to underrepresentation. Only one specific form of a response to underrepresentation can be considered to be “populist” in a form that is more or less dangerous to democracy.

In: Crossroad Discourses between Christianity and Culture

Abstract

This introduction proposes that the re-emergence and rediscovery of religion should be seen against the background of globalization on the one hand and localization on the other. These processes require an open dialogue on the architecture and guiding morality of the global order, in which religion is not only a factor to be taken seriously, but also a participant itself. A Christian contribution to this dialogue can draw on an age-old tradition of Jewish and Christian engagement with the political order, manifesting itself in three genres: judgment, expectation, and exhortation. The introduction also provides a short overview of the articles in this book.

In: Christian Faith, Philosophy & International Relations

Abstract

This article sketches a research agenda for the development of a Christianly inspired perspective in International Relations. It is argued that a practice-approach offers fruitful starting points for such an attempt. This approach shares three fundamental insights with the Christian philosophical approach known as Reformational philosophy, namely that science is just one mode of relating to the world, that human action and human freedom should be taken seriously, and that reality is intrinsically meaningful. In turn, Reformational philosophy can deepen existing practice-approaches on four points. In the first place, it addresses the fundamental notion that all human beings have an (Archimedean) point of trust. Secondly, it includes the notion that reality is made up of many dimensions. Thirdly, it takes seriously dominant cultural ideas or so-called ground motives. Finally, a Reformational approach is sensitive to vicissitudinary processes which may open up or close down certain positive developments in history.

In: Christian Faith, Philosophy & International Relations

8-9 January 2013 at the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, a seminar took place bringing together people from various parts of the world, various disciplines, and various academic and non-academic professions — philosophers, economists, theologians, historians, social scientists as well as bankers, businessmen, investors and others — to analyze and discuss the economic crisis as it developed in the aftermath ofthe American financial crisis of 2008. An explicit goal was as well to bring together people from various generations, to facilitate and promote a true ‘intergenerational dialogue’. The title of the seminar was ‘Economics, Christianity & the Crisis: Towards a New Architectonic Critique’. More specifically, the aim of the seminar was to develop Christianly inspired reflections on the crisis. An insight that was foundational for the seminar was that the 2008 credit crisis not only was a crisis in the (financial and real) economy (as they may occur every two decades or so), but implied also a crisis in the basic concepts and assumptions that underlie our contemporary thinking about economics, economics as a science as well as economics as a social domain. The crisis, as it erupted and evolved, simultaneously raised urgent questions at the macro- or system-level, at the intermediate level of behavior of banks and corporations, and at the level of personal morality, the vices and virtues involved in business transactions.

In: Philosophia Reformata
The Lamb and the Wolf
International relations are in constant turbulence. Globalisation, the rise and fall of superpowers, the fragilisation of the EU, trade wars, real wars, terrorism, persecution, new nationalism and identity politics, climate change, are just a few of the recent disturbing developments. How can international issues be understood and addressed from a Christian faith perspective? In this book answers are presented from various Christian traditions: Neo-calvinism, Catholic social teaching, critical theory and Christian realism. The volume offers fundamental theological and Christian philosophical perspectives on international relations and global challenges, case studies about inspiring Christian leaders such as Robert Schuman, Dag Hammarskjöld, Abraham Kuyper and prophetic critiques of supranational issues.
In: Christian Faith, Philosophy & International Relations