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In: Archaeology of the Books of Samuel
In: Prophecy and Prophets in Stories
In: Torah and Tradition
In: The Book of Leviticus
In: Studies in Historical Geography and Biblical Historiography
In: Congress Volume Oslo 1998
Author: Graeme Auld
Codex Vaticanus (4th cent. CE) includes the oldest, and probably the most important, complete copy of the Greek translation of the biblical book of Joshua (or Jesus, in Greek). The translation had been made some five centuries earlier (2nd cent. BCE) from a Hebrew version of Joshua which differed at many points from the Hebrew text now familiar to us. It was mostly rather literal; and, where it appears surprisingly free, it is often inviting attention to relevant passages in the books of Moses. What the first scribe of the Codex wrote is transcribed uncorrected. The deliberately literal rendering into English on facing pages provides ready access to alternative forms of the many proper names in Joshua. The commentary discusses both translation and exegetical technique.
In: The Elusive Prophet
Author: Graeme Auld


Barbara Green's monograph, How Are the Mighty Fallen?, is a welcome addition to biblical interpretation, in part because it functions as a practical handbook on Bakhtin's criticism for readers. In this regard Green is an insightful teacher. Additionally she demonstrates that 1 Samuel is a narrative essay evaluating the experience of kingship as a whole in ancient Jerusalem and Samaria, and she gives attention to the theological issues with which this superbly crafted narrative confronts its readers. On the other hand, perhaps the story of Saul in 1 Samuel is not a significant Deuteronomic adaptation. Knowing Deuteronomy and Judges in advance will influence the reading of 1 Samuel; but a reading of the entirety of 1 Samuel works—and may even work better—without such knowledge. Also, her comparison of Saul's end with the end of 2 Kings 25 may deserve closer critical scrutiny. Jehoiachin's end is not in Chronicles and is thus an editorial addition in 2 Kings 25 to an earlier tradition. It may not be a good witness to the historical situation which gave rise to the whole narrative, and of which Green finds that Saul and his death are playing an interpretive role.

In: Horizons in Biblical Theology
Author: A. Graeme Auld


The Chronicler’s presumed familiarity with Deuteronomy, Joshua, Judges, and 1 Samuel is first briefly explored. Closer scrutiny of the David story in 2 Samuel and 1 Chronicles suggests that the Chronicler’s use of 2 Samuel as source, while possible, is unlikely. Similar results for the story of Solomon in 1 Kings and 2 Chronicles are noted. And consideration of the counterfactual leads helpfully to a new question about the books of the Former Prophets.

In: Virtual History and the Bible