In 2014, China’s employment situation continued to improve; the employment structure was further adjusted; resident income grew faster; and the income distribution pattern started favoring workers. Household consumer prices were basically stable; the people’s living consumption showed relatively fast growth and further boosted economic growth. Continuous improvement was made in the social security system, and the level of social insurance and assistance was further increased. Public finance continued to favor the people’s livelihood and social development; non-governmental social participation continued to enhance. Meanwhile, economic and social development was subject to difficulties and challenges, various parties should make efforts to cope with them to forge ahead in the new orientation for continuous quality improvement in economic and social development.