As a State Party to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, China adheres to the principle of the common heritage of mankind and supports the International Seabed Authority functioning to organize and control activities in the Area. According to international law, domestic legislation on the Area is a substantial requirement for obligations/responsibilities and exemption from liability of a sponsoring State. China has a sound legal base for legislation on the Area’s activities and is accelerating the process of legislation on this field in recent years. This paper will introduce the background and process of the nation’s legislation and examine the framework of the law on activities in the Area. Specific issues under the law pertain to relevant considerations, structure, objectives, principles and key elements. The follow-up efforts of China’s legislation on activities in the Area are also briefly mentioned.