Although Themistius does not develop a theodicy, his observations on evil are fairly consistent. Both in his paraphrases of Aristotle and in his speeches, he argues that since God is the intelligent and powerful cause of all good things in the universe, evil is due to the στ ρησιsigma in matter and to the νοια of human beings. Despite some (Neo-)Platonic and Stoic influences, Themistius defends a basically Peripatetic world-view, in which evil is minimized.

In: Phronesis
In: Reading Proclus and the Book of Causes Volume 1
In: Contemplation and Philosophy: Scholastic and Mystical Modes of Medieval Philosophical Thought