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Héctor Olásolo

Abstract

This article addresses the most fundamental procedural issues arising from Arts. 13, 14, 15, 18 and 53(1), (2) and (4) of the ICC Statute (hereinafter “the Rome Statute” or “RS”). It first analyses the reasons why the proceedings provided for in those articles constitute, referred to in this article as “Triggering Procedure”, within the complex procedural system provided for in the ICC Statute, an autonomous procedure whose object, parties and proceedings are perfectly distinguishable from the object, parties and proceedings of the Criminal and Civil Procedures. Once the relationship between the Triggering Procedure and the Criminal and Civil Procedures is introduced, the article analyses the procedural treatment of the principle of complementarity in the different procedures provided for in the ICC Statute. Finally, the last part of the article brie fly addresses the key role of the Of fice of the Prosecutor in the Triggering Procedure, and the duties imposed upon the competent Chamber of the Court to control, propio motu or at the request of a party to the proceedings, that the Of fice of the Prosecutor is acting within the powers granted to it by the RS and fully respecting the substantive and procedural standards set out by the RS.

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Héctor Olásolo

The Rome Statute, unlike the statutes of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda, creates a permanent court whose dormant jurisdiction covers the territory and includes the nationals of States Parties and is universal in cases where the Security Council makes a referral. Besides, unlike the “ad hoc” tribunals, which have jurisdiction over specific crisis situations whose personal, territorial and temporal parameters have been defined in their respective statutes by the UN Security Council, in the case of the ICC it is not possible to determine a priori in which situations the ICC will be involved. As a result, the most relevant activity of the Court is the determination of those situations regarding which the dormant jurisdiction of the Court will be triggered. The book The Triggering Procedure of the International Criminal Court constitutes the first comprehensive analysis of the proceedings that, prior to any criminal investigation, aim to make such a fundamental determination.
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Héctor Olásolo

Restricted Access

Héctor Olásolo