This article considers the Spirit’s role in the interpretation of Scripture, otherwise known as pneumatic interpretation. It outlines that whilst we may approach scripture seeking to interpret its written truth, the Spirit’s concern is with so much more than just our minds. Thus, pneumatic interpretation is holistic and cannot be restricted to interpretation of the scriptural text. The Spirit always works through and beyond the written words, seeking to interpret and appropriate scriptural truth affectively, ethically, and cognitively in our lives in ways that align with Scripture and transform us holistically into knowledge of and relationship with God as Father, Son, and Spirit. However, within this lies a paradox that whilst the Holy Spirit of God is all-powerful, discernment and reception of truth brought by the Spirit through Scripture (or in ways leading towards Scripture) is either helped or hindered by ethical action and choice.
There was a need in the field of Spirit hermeneutics for a solid, biblically grounded, and centered contribution, and Craig Keener has filled this gap more than sufficiently. This review highlights the following elements within Spirit Hermeneutics as being particularly significant: first, the identification of the connection between the original shape of the biblical text and its contemporary implications; second, the argument that a Spirit-directed epistemology must underpin a Spirit hermeneutic; and third, the inclusion of confessional elements. This review questions whether the role of prophecy (especially in connection with the original context and contemporary implication) could have featured more prominently in the book.