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Notarii en Exceptores

Een onderzoek naar rol en betekenis van notarii en exceptores in dienst van overheid en kerk in de Romeinse keizertijd (tot circa 450 A.D.)

Hans C. Teitler

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Notarii and exceptores

An inquiry into role and significance of shorthand writers in the Imperial and ecclesiastical bureaucracy of the Roman Empire (from the Early Principate to c. 450 A.D.)

Hans C. Teitler

In 411 AD an ecclesiastical conference was held in Carthage under the presidency of Flavius Marcellinus, tribunus et notarius. On that occasion exceptores and notarii ecclesiastici acted as shorthand writers. Thus at this conference we meet three species of one genus at different stages of their development: a tribunus et notarius, a high imperial official who, despite his title, probably did not know how to write shorthand; exceptores, minor civil servants working in public offices who were certainly stenographers at the time and notarii ecclesiastici, ecclesiastical bureaucrats whose task at the Carthaginian conference was to assist the exceptores with their work, but who at other times were more like tribuni et notarii. With the situation in 411 AD as a starting point an attempt is made to sketch the role and significance of notarii and exceptores in the Roman Empire, from the Early Principate to circa 450 AD.
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Jan den Boeft, Jan Willem Drijvers, Daniël den Hengst and Hans C. Teitler

This commentary is the fifth volume in a series of commentaries on the fourth-century historian Ammianus Marcellinus, which continues the commentaries by P. de Jonge on Books XIV-IXX. In XXIV the Persian expedition of Julian is described, from its successful start until the failure to take the capital Ctesiphon. The commentary deals both with the philological, literary and linguistic problems in the Latin text and with the historical and geographical details that are necessary for an understanding of the course of events. Special attention is given to the author’s highly personal involvement as a participant in the expedition.
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Jan den Boeft, Jan Willem Drijvers, Daniël den Hengst and Hans C. Teitler

Book 27 deals with events between 365 and 370. Military operations in the western and eastern half of the Empire take up a large part of the available space. Apart from military matters Ammianus deals with internal affairs. He discusses the terms of office of four Roman urban prefects and paints a picture of Petronius Probus, the mightiest civil official of the period. The most striking part of the book contains a portrait of the emperor Valentinian. This passage forms the centre of the book, which therefore has the structure of a triptych: of the two outer parts each contains military affairs in the West and the East and reports on some notable non-military events, whilst in the central panel Valentinian takes pride of place.
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Ammianus after Julian

The Reign of Valentinian and Valens in Books 26 - 31 of the Res Gestae

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Edited by Jan den Boeft, Jan Willem Drijvers, Daniël den Hengst and Hans C. Teitler

In Books 26–31 Ammianus Marcellinus deals with the period of the emperors Valentinian and Valens. The representatives of the new dynasty differ greatly from their predecessor Julian, both personally and in their style of government. The Empire is divided between the two rulers, and suffers increasingly from barbarian invasions. Faced with these changes, Ammianus adapts his historical method. His treatment of the events becomes less detailed and more critical. The years following on the death of Julian are painted in dark colours, as the disaster at Hadrianople casts its shadow before. The papers in this volume, on History and Historiography, Literary Composition and Crisis of Empire, were presented during the conference "Ammianus after Julian" held in 2005.
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Jan den Boeft, Jan Willem Drijvers, Daniël den Hengst and Hans C. Teitler

The first part of Book 30 of Ammianus Marcellinus’ Res Gestae is devoted to the military and diplomatic struggle for Armenia between Valens, emperor of the East, and king Sapor II of Persia. The Romans successfully defend their position, until they are forced to deal with the Goths who threaten to cross the Danube border. The second half of Book 30 is dominated by Valentinian I, emperor of the West. Ammianus presents a kaleidoscopic picture of this emperor alternating between admiration for his military qualities and devotion to his duty and bitter criticism of his avarice and cruelty. The account of his death forms the conclusion of Ammianus’ treatment of the history of the western half of the Empire.
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Jan den Boeft, Jan Willem Drijvers, Daniël den Hengst and Hans C. Teitler

The last book of Ammianus Marcellinus’ Res Gestae is the most important source for a momentous event in European history: the invasion of the Goths across the Danube border into the Roman Empire and the ensuing battle of Adrianople (378 CE), in which a Roman army was annihilated and the emperor Valens lost his life. Many contemporaries were of the opinion that this defeat heralded the decline of the Empire. Ammianus is sharply critical of the way Valens and his generals handled the military situation, but holds on to his belief in the permanence of Roma Aeterna, reminding his readers of earlier crises from which the Empire had recovered and pointing to the incompetence of the barbarians in siege craft.
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M.A. Bakel, R. Borofsky, Andrew Beatty, J.A. Feldman et al., A.G. Beek, Christian F. Feest, N. Bootsma, Bernhard Dahm, Aart G. Broek, John Pool, Martin Bruinessen, Peter Kloos, J.G. Casparis, Charles Higham, H.J.M. Claessen, Luc Heusch, H. Dagmar, Erich Kolig, Anke Dijke, Linda Terpstra, Anil Ramdas, B.F. Galjart, Hans-Dieter Evers, J. Hoffenaar, G. Teitler, Rudy Jongh, Sjoerd Rienk Jaarsma, Ward Keeler, J.Joseph Errington, Ank Klomp, Raymond T. Smith, G.J. Knaap, A.H.P. Clemens, Jaap Moor, E.S. Eyck van Heslinga, Otto Muijzenberg, Jean-Claude Lejosne, Gert J. Oostindie, M.J. Blink, Rien Ploeg, Robert M. Hill II, Harry A. Poeze, Takashi Shiraishi, Rob Ridder, Willem F.H. Adelaar, Marie-Odette Scalliet, Peter Carey, Matthew Schoffeleers, Marion Melk-Koch, Matthew Schoffeleers, Peter Metcalf, J.W. Schoorl, J.F.L.M. Cornelissen, Alex Stipriaan, Jo Derkx, A.A. Trouwborst, Th. Schweizer (Hg), Hans Vermeulen, Brian Juan O’Neill, C.W. Watson, Hendrick M.J. Maier, Neil Lancelot Whitehead, Edmundo Magaña, J.J. Wolf and Meyer Fortes

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