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Religions and the Truth

Philosophical Reflections and Perspectives

Series:

Hendrik M. Vroom

A Spectrum of Worldviews

An Introduction to Philosophy of Religion in a Pluralistic World

Series:

Hendrik M. Vroom

This book is an introduction to philosophy of religion from the perspective of a religiously pluralistic culture. It deals with introductory questions such as whether we can we understand, compare, and judge the insights of others and the ways in which people can speak and think about God. It introduces the classical themes of philosophy of religion - immanent and transcendent ideas of God and (im)personality; transcendence, good, and evil; religion, morality and society - using a distinction between cosmic, acosmic and theistic ideas of the divine. This introduction helps us discover differences and commonalities and thus helps further an emphatic and critical dialogue. This book explores how comparative theology and philosophy of religion can move beyond the dead-end roads of relativism and exclusivism.

Series:

Hendrik M. Vroom

One question regarding the evil people do is: What is it about the constitution of human beings that they do what is wrong? A great deal of evil does, after all, have its source in human beings. This contribution deals with this anthropological question. The possibility of doing wrong and evil can be understood from the structure of the openness of human consciousness for other beings, and the need to overcome a private and egocentric perspective. The “I” has to establish realistic and genuine relationships with other people and ultimately with all people within a broader horizon. This contribution discusses these relationships between the I and the Other(s) and the need for such a horizon. It also provides some examples of worldview positions on this broader horizon and the way in which human beings are embedded in a larger whole. The article states that human finitude, the complexity of existence, and scarcity of resources make mistakes and moral failure inevitable.