Hugo Stokke

Series:

Edited by Hugo Stokke and Arne Tostensen

The eleventh in the series of yearbooks on Human Rights in Developing Countries, this volume marks a departure from previous editions and a new beginning. The Yearbook will now bear the title of Human Rights in Development, to reflect the fact that it will explore the role of human rights as an integral part of the development process. The new title is also an indication of the fact that the scope of the Yearbook has widened to include human rights topics and issues in the more developed parts of the world as well as in the developing countries covered hitherto. Moreover, human rights are themselves in development and the new Yearbook plans to keep track of standard-setting in the human rights field. Finally, the new title reflects the Yearbook's aim of engaging in more international and comparative studies on the one hand and in more focused local issues on the other. With the rapid spread of new information technology and improved local monitoring capacity in developing countries, there may be less of a need for the type of nation-level country studies the Yearbook performed in the past.
Two themes cut across the series of articles contained in the current edition. One, human rights promotion, is explored in various ways; one article looks at the establishment of national human rights institutions as instruments of promotion; another analyses development interventions in terms of their impact on local populations, drawing on UN and World Bank experience; yet another argues the case for using aid in human rights promotion, exemplified by Dutch aid to Guatemala; a fourth investigates the policies of the EU and ASEAN in seeking to improve the human rights situation in Burma; and finally one article looks at the work of the ILO in standard-setting and implementation in the field of child labour. The other theme, local conflict, is addressed in two articles, one looking at local communities in Latin America caught between local customs and ideologically charged civil wars and the other investigating the tensions between centralized rule and local autonomy in Kenya, recently erupting into ethnic violence.
The Human Rights in Development Yearbook is a joint project of the Chr. Michelsen Institute, Bergen; the Danish Centre for Human Rights, Copenhagen; the Icelandic Human Rights Centre, Reykjavik; the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute of Human Rights, Vienna; the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights, Utrecht; the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, Oslo; and the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Lund.

Series:

Edited by Hugo Stokke and Arne Tostensen

The twelfth in the series of yearbooks on Human Rights in Development the current millennium edition attempts to take stock of developments in the human rights arena since the Universal Declaration was adopted over half a century ago.
The introductory overview article chronicles developments within the human rights field to date and sets the stage for a future scenario by looking at the respective roles of governments and the business community in respecting, protecting and fulfilling human rights. An article on the World Trade Organisation follows the challenges posed by international trade in a human rights perspective. The appropriateness of so-called smart sanctions as a means of bolstering human rights is discussed in a third contribution. A fourth highlights the gender dimensions of the statute of the new international criminal court. The challenge of accommodating diversity and the rights of indigenous peoples in the new political dispensation of Guatemala is assessed in a fifth essay, whereas affirmative action policies within the context of Malaysia are examined in a sixth one. The difficulties inherent in designing, managing and evaluating aid programmes for human rights and democracy purposes is the theme of the penultimate contribution, whereas the final article considers the use of research in designing aid projects in the judicial system of Nepal.
The Yearbook on Human Rights in Development is a joint project of European and Canadian research institutes and centres on human rights: the Chr. Michelsen Institute, Bergen; the Danish Centre for Human Rights, Copenhagen; the Icelandic Human Rights Centre, Reykjavik; the Ludwig Boltzman Institute of Human Rights, Vienna; the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development, Montreal; the Netherlands Institute of Human Rights, Utrecht; the Norwegian Institute of Human Rights, Oslo; and the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Lund.
The Yearbook is geared to a broad readership, including government agencies, donors, embassies, the mass media, non-governmental organisations, the academic community, and the interested public at large.

HUGO STOKKE and ARNE TOSTENSEN

Hugo Stokke, Astri Suhrke and Arne Tostensen

HUGO STOKKE and ARNE TOSTENSEN