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I.R. Pichikyan and B.A. Litvinsky

Abstract

Recent investigations of the Oxus temple at Takhti Sangin have produced several dozen Achaemenid objects similar in type and style to the Achaemenid part of the Oxus treasure. One such is the lower part of an ivory rhyton, decorated with a carved protome of a lion, of either Greek or Achaemenid origin. After describing the object and discussing lion iconography in the Assyro-Achaemenid tradition and the origins and typology of the rhyton, the authors suggest that the rhyton considered here may have had a ritual role in Zoroastrian cult in making libations.

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I.R. Pichikyan and Kathy Judelson Southampton

Abstract

An account is offered of the discovery of the Oxus treasure in 1877 and the recovery in 1993 of part of it, now conserved in the Mihon Museum in Japan. Descriptions and analyses are given of 17 sculptures and 48 ritual vessels in the Mihon Museum collection. Comparison of these items with those of the British Museum Treasure point to their provenance as votive objects held in the treasury of a Zoroastrian temple of the Achaemenid period and confirm the identity of finds from the treasure with finds from the now excavated shrine of the Oxus.