Despite the popularity of the term “global,” the making of a global world has been little studied to date and only a few works have been published. It is assumed that this kind of world has already partly crystallized thanks to globalization, but it is not expected to take a more coherent shape until later in the future. The purpose of the paper is to justify the opinion that a global world should be construed as a state (and process) of civilization and its interaction with nature fulfilled by securing global sustainability.
The global problems that deteriorated in 2022 once again proved the fragility of the world and the need to strengthen international cooperation in all areas. Geopolitical tensions led to an aggravation of the foreign policy situation and the emergence of new global challenges and threats. To overcome the crisis in international relations, it is necessary to form a new system of global security, which will not only reduce the level of danger of existing threats, but also prevent the emergence of qualitatively new challenges on a planetary scale. This new model of global security should be based on principles of sustainable development, taking into account the existing contradictions in the “society-nature” system and aimed at the co-evolution, first of all, of social and natural systems. To implement such measures, it is important to form global knowledge and hence to further develop global studies. The ultimate goal of global studies is to develop adequate tools to ensure peace and security on Earth.