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Legacy and Impact on the Transmission of al-Ghazālī’s (d. 505/1111) Thought in al-Andalus
Volume Editor:
Gathering the proceedings of a symposium organized on the occasion of the 900th anniversary of the qāḍī Ibn al-ʿArabī’s (d. 543/1148) passing, this volume brings together a diverse array of contributions highlighting his legacy, his relationship with his master al-Ghazālī (d. 505/1111), his unparalleled role in the transmission of Islamic knowledge in al-Andalus, and his lasting impact on various disciplines, including ḥadīth, theology, Islamic law, Quranic exegesis, legal theory, grammar, adab, and Sufism. This book, written by internationally recognized scholars, not only commemorates the scholarly legacy of Ibn al-ʿArabī but also illustrates how his intellectual teachings have shaped the landscape of Islamic thought in the Western Muslim world. Proudly, this book is the most accomplished reference bringing together recent advances on ongoing research around the qāḍī Ibn al-ʿArabī. Composed of articles written in English, Arabic and French, it will be of interest to specialists as well as the general public keen to learn more about the intellectual history of al-Andalus.

Rassemblant les actes d’un colloque organisé à l’occasion du 900e anniversaire de la disparition du qāḍī Ibn al-ʿArabī (m. 543/1148), ce volume réunit un large éventail de contributions mettant en lumière son héritage, sa relation avec son maître al-Ghazālī (m. 505/1111), son rôle sans pareil dans la transmission du savoir islamique en al-Andalus, et son impact durable sur diverses disciplines, y compris le ḥadīth, la théologie, le droit islamique, l'exégèse coranique, la théorie juridique, la grammaire, l'adab et le soufisme. Ecrit par des chercheurs internationaux, ce livre ne commémore pas seulement l'héritage savant d'Ibn al-ʿArabī mais illustre également comment ses enseignements intellectuels ont façonné le paysage de la pensée islamique dans le monde musulman occidental. Cet ouvrage est la référence la plus accomplie rassemblant les avancées récentes sur les recherches en cours autour du qāḍī Ibn al-ʿArabī. Composé d'articles rédigés en anglais, en arabe et en français, il intéressera tant les spécialistes que le grand public désireux d'en apprendre davantage sur l'histoire intellectuelle de l'Andalousie.

Contributors Mohammed Aalouane, Ilyass Amharar, Noureddine Elhmidy, Maribel Fierro, Kenneth Garden, Abdelghani Idaikal, Delfina Serrano-Ruano, Bruna Soravia, Jaafar Ben El Haj Soulami, and Abdallah Taourati.
Author:

Résumé

L’objectif de cet article est de reconstituer l’évolution chronologique du traitement de la question de l’origine du langage chez les savants musulmans, qu’ils soient théologiens, grammairiens ou théoriciens du droit, mais aussi de son analyse dans la recherche moderne. Du fait de ses nombreuses implications théologiques et linguistiques (notamment sur la question du verbe divin, du maǧāz, des noms légaux, ou encore de l’évolution de la langue), l’origine du langage chez les savants musulmans a suscité un vif intérêt de la recherche académique portant sur le kalām ou sur la philologie. Dans un premier temps, cet intérêt allait de pair avec un autre beaucoup plus large, qui tenait presque de l’obsession chez de nombreux orientalistes du XIX e siècle, à savoir la question des origines et l’éventualité d’une paternité hellénistique de la notion. Celle-ci, comme d’autres, sera progressivement contestée.

In: Oriens
Islamic Sources/Maṣādir Islāmiyya (ISMI) is a double-blind peer-reviewed book series publishing text editions of primary sources of the Arab-Islamic heritage, covering all periods and regions of the Islamic world. The series is open to works on theology, philosophy, law, history, religious sciences, natural sciences, and literature, reflecting the broad contributions of Islamic civilization to various fields of knowledge. Authors are encouraged to submit editions of previously unpublished manuscripts, or new critical editions, annotations, and commentaries that provide significant new scholarly insights. All works will be preceded by a solid scholarly introduction in Arabic, English, French, German or Spanish.

مصادر إسلامية سلسلة كتب تخضع لمراجعة مزدوجة تعنى بنشر تحقيقات نصوص التراث العربي والإسلامي مع تغطية واسعة تشمل جميع العصور وجهات العالم الإسلامي. تنفتح السلسلة على الأعمال في شتى المجالات من عقيدة وفلسفة وفقه وتاريخ وعلوم طبيعية أو دينية ودراسات أدبية وغيرها مما يعكس إسهام الحضارة الإسلامية الواسع في شتى حقول المعرفة. يشجع المؤلفون على اقتراح تحقيق نصوص لم يسبق تحقيقها أو تحقيق فريد أو تعليق أو شرح أو غير ذلك مما يوفر رؤى جديدة. على أن تقدم كل الكتب بمقدمة تفصيلية بالعربية أو الإنجليزية أو الفرنسية أو الألمانيا أو الإسبانية.
ومن خلال تقديم مصادر غير معروفة أو كانت تُعبر مفقودة لمدة طويلة سيتم تعزيز فهم أفضل للمجال. وهذا سيُظهر للباحثين جملة من تداخلات جديدة، ليس من حيث التناص والترابط بين المؤلفين فحسب بل أيضًا بين المجالات المختلفة التي يمكن أن نصنفها كتخصصات منفصلة من منظور معاصر.

Abstract

Is it permissible to form the diminutive of the names of the days of the week, as in ṯunayyāni “a little Monday” or ṯulayṯāʾ “a little Tuesday”? Sībawayhi (d. 180/796?) denies this possibility, arguing that these words (“Monday”, “Tuesday”, etc.), along with the names of the months, are proper names that refer to only one item, not to a whole genus (ʾumma). There can be many Zayds and ʿAmrs, some being smaller than others, but there is only one “Monday”, just like there is only one “yesterday” or one “tomorrow”. In other words, the names of the days of the week have less tamakkun (“declinability, flexibility, potentiality”) than Zayd and ʿAmr. Al-Ǧarmī (d. 225/839) and al-Māzinī (d. 249/863), followed by al-Mubarrad (d. 285/898 or 286/899), criticized this position of Sībawayhi, and Ibn Wallād (d. 332/944) defended it.

This paper would like to shed a new light on this very specific debate, based on so far unedited manuscripts of Sībawayhi’s Kitāb (Milan, Ambrosiana X 56 sup.; Paris, BnF ar. 6499). The many variant readings give an insight into the gradual elaboration of the ‘canonical’ version of Sībawayhi’s Kitāb, in dialogue with the early grammatical treatises, their commentaries and their refutations.

In: The Foundations of Arab Linguistics V