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Summary

The University of Innsbruck (Austria) was founded in 1669. As a Jesuit institution based in the counter-reformatory stronghold of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Tyrol the ideas of the Enlightenment along with a new teaching content, new scholarly and scientific findings, and new approaches to long-established disciplines only slowly trickled into the curriculum. Due to their hybrid role as an obsolete scholastic ‘relic’ on the one hand and a means of promoting recent knowledge on the other, the disputations and dissertations given and published at the University of Innsbruck in the eighteenth century serve as intriguing documents of the actual velocity and intensity with which the implementation of both Enlightenment values and educational reforms took place in Innsbruck. The article thus investigates a selected number of disputations and dissertations produced in the context of the core Jesuit disciplines of the Philosophical and the Theological Faculty to trace the intellectual crises, conflicts, and changes from conservative to ‘modern’ thinking from the beginning of the 1700s until the years following the suppression of the Jesuits (1773). As the main source of the disputations, dissertations, and their respective context and reception functioned the diaries of the Theological Faculty of the University of Innsbruck.

In: Early Modern Disputations and Dissertations in an Interdisciplinary and European Context
The history of European integration goes back to the early modern centuries (c. 1400–1800), when Europeans tried to set themselves apart as a continental community with distinct political, religious, cultural, and social values in the face of hitherto unseen societal change and global awakening. The range of concepts and images ascribed to Europeanness in that respect is well documented in Neo-Latin literature, since Latin constituted the international lingua franca from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries. In Europe and Europeanness in Early Modern Latin Literature Isabella Walser-Bürgler examines the most prominent concepts of Europe and European identity as expressed in Neo-Latin sources. It is aimed at both an interested general audience and a professional readership from the fields of Latin studies, early modern history, and the history of ideas.
In: Contesting Europe 
In: Contesting Europe 
In: Contesting Europe 
Comparative Perspectives on Early Modern Discourses on Europe, 1400–1800
The editors were interviewed in a 2020 podcast, which can be heard HERE

While the term ‘Europe’ was used sporadically in ancient and medieval times, it proliferated between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, and gained a prevalence in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries which it did not possess before. Although studies on the history of the idea of Europe abound, much of the vast body of early modern sources has still been neglected. Assuming that discourses tend to transcend linguistic, historical and generic boundaries, this book has gathered experts from various fields of study who examine vernacular and Latin negotiations of Europe from the late fifteenth to the early eighteenth century. This multi-angled approach serves to identify similarities and differences in the discourses on Europe within their different national and cultural communities.

Contributors are Ovanes Akopyan, Volker Bauer, Piotr Chmiel, Nicolas Detering, Stefan Ehrenpreis, Niels Grüne, Peter Hanenberg, Ulrich Heinen, Ronny Kaiser, Niall Oddy, Katharina N. Piechocki, Dennis Pulina, Marion Romberg, Lucie Storchová, Isabella Walser-Bürgler, Michael Wintle, and Enrico Zucchi.