Variability in the size of laminar (blade/bladelet) components has been used as a distinguishing feature between two archaeological signatures in the interior of the Northern Cape Province, South Africa. These signatures potentially represent different socio-economies (hunter-gatherers and herders) and date to the last two millennia. I consider this approach in more detail by presenting analytical results for the lithic material from Breek Been Kolk 3. In addition, attention is drawn to how differential features of laminar components often appear to accompany shifting lifeways beyond the Northern Cape region.
Historical sources emphasise the different uses of livestock in southern African Khoe societies. Here we review the role of milk gained from livestock amongst the Khoe, as recorded over the last few centuries, and demonstrate that it was of greater subsistence value than the meat of livestock. In addition, we highlight the recorded technological, social and ritual importance of milk amongst the Khoe. Finally, attention is drawn to recent genetic research that suggests the dependence of southern African Later Stone Age herders on milk.