The article examines the phenomena of breath and wind in Bruno Schulz’s stories. Both motifs are part of a rich mythological and literary tradition. It has only been possible to identify the immediate sources for a few metaphors whereas for other metaphors only suggestions are made to which periods and authors certain motifs might refer. In many cases, this article will consider through which intermediaries Schulz gained his knowledge of Greek mythology and cosmology. The failure to identify the individual sources indicates that Schulz was aware that breath and wind are – poetically as well as anthropologically – universal phenomena and that their use implies a consciousness of both aspects.