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  • Author or Editor: Jürgen Gerhards x

Jürgen Gerhards and Silke Hans

Globalization and Europeanization processes have led to an increasing public sphere deficit. This deficit can be addressed by a transnationalization of the individual countries’ national public spheres. This requires a perception of discussions in other national public spheres, a condition which is met if citizens of a nation-state follow reporting of issues in other countries. Using Eurobarometer surveys, we examine the extent to which citizens of 27 European countries engage with foreign media and the factors that determine participation in a transnational public sphere. Only a small minority of EU citizens engage with foreign media, and there are considerable differences between countries and citizens. Using multilevel techniques we find that besides other factors education, professional status and multilingualism play a crucial role in explaining participation in a transnational public sphere, resources which are distributed very unevenly among citizens. Thus, participation in a transnational public sphere is an issue of social inequality.

Holger Lengfeld and Jürgen Gerhards

Abstract

In a first step we reconstruct the emergence and content of European Union environmental policies and their underlying normative ideas. These policies have become increasingly important since the 1970s such that today the EU expects member states actively to protect the natural environment even at the price of less economic freedom and higher financial costs. We then analyze the extent to which citizens support the idea of protecting the environment. Overall the approval rating for the EU ecological ideas is rather high, and environmental protection is an integral component of European citizens' values. Nevertheless, not all countries support this to the same degree. Citizens of EU-15 countries show higher levels of support for having the environment take precedence over economic claims than do citizens in Accession I and II country groups and in Turkey. As regression analysis shows, the level of support depends on several factors. The most important ones are a country's level of economic modernization and its citizens' post-material value orientation.

"Das Ungenügen an der Normalität"

Literatur als Gegenwelt

Edited by Jürgen Daiber, Georg Guntermann and Gerhard Schaub

Literatur hat seit jeher die Rolle gehabt, den Blick für das ausgesparte ‚Dritte‘ offenzuhalten. Sie besteht auf der Unverwechselbarkeit individueller Erfahrung und trägt zur Entwicklung alternativer Denk- und Wahrnehmungsmodelle gegen eine weitgehend normierte Normalität in der heutigen Wissensgesellschaft bei. “Das Ungenügen an der Normalität” ist der Titel einer wegweisenden wissenschaftlichen Publikation von Lothar Pikulik. Ein internationales Symposion aus Anlaß seines 65. Geburtstages griff diesen Titel auf und erörterte unter dem Thema “ ‚Das Ungenügen an der Normalität‘ – Literatur als Gegenwelt” die Möglichkeiten einer erneuerten Standortbestimmung von Aufgaben und Möglichkeiten der Literatur. Dieser Band zeigt eindrucksvoll, wie facettenreich das “Ungenügen an der Normalität” in der Literatur von der Aufklärung bis in die jüngste Vergangenheit auftritt. Mit Beiträgen von: H. Koopmann, R. M. Kully, H. Kurzenberger, Z. Mielczarek, N. Oellers, P. Pütz, H. Reinhardt, M. Siguan, H. Uerlings.

Jürgen Gerhards, Silke Hans and Michael Mutz

Abstract

Pierre Bourdieu’s work has argued that there is a homology of social classes on the one hand and cultural consumption on the other. In contrast, theories of individualisation posit that social class plays only a minor role in shaping lifestyle in contemporary societies. In this paper we examine a) how much contemporary highbrow lifestyles in 27 European countries are structured by class membership, b) the extent to which highbrow consumption varies according to the level of modernisation of a society and c) whether the explanatory power of social class in relation to highbrow consumption decreases in more modernised European countries. The findings show that highbrow lifestyles are strongly influenced by social class, and that highbrow consumption is more common in more modernised societies. Moreover, the findings confirm the hypothesis that the formative power of social class on lifestyle decreases in highly modernised societies, albeit without disappearing completely.

Legitimacy of European Citizenship

Do Europeans believe that all eu Citizens should have the Right to Vote in another eu Country?

Jürgen Gerhards, Holger Lengfeld and Sophia Schubert

eu citizens living in an eu member state of which they are not nationals may participate in local elections. Based on a survey conducted in three member states of the eu we analyze the legitimacy of this core element of European citizenship. Firstly, we examine the extent to which European citizens support the Europeanisation of local voting rights. The results show that about two-thirds of citizens accept these rights. Secondly, we analyze whether those who reject the idea of equality for all Europeans can be determined by social characteristics. Our analyses show that opponents are not at all determined by socio-structural factors and are barely determined by cultural factors and hence do not form the basis for a politically mobilized cleavage. All in all, the results indicate that citizens believe in the legitimacy of this important component of European citizenship.

Blaser, Klauspeter, Ciobotea, Dan-Ilie, Fahlbusch, Erwin, Ringshausen, Gerhard, Roloff, Jürgen, Stöhr, Martin and Wagner, Harald

Frey, Jörg, Gerhards, Albert, Koch, Klaus, Mesch, Walter, Mohn, Jürgen, Schweitzer, Friedrich, Schwöbel, Christoph and Zachhuber, Johannes

Berges, Ulrich, Fitzgerald, John T., Gandler, Hans-Helmuth, Mohn, Jürgen, Sparn, Walter and Vowinckel, Gerhard

, Christoph Schwöbel, Frey, Jörg, Gerhards, Albert, Koch, Klaus, Mesch, Walter, Mohn, Jürgen, Schweitzer, Friedrich and Zachhuber, Johannes

Erinnerungskultur in der pluralen Gesellschaft

Neue Perspektiven für den christlich-jüdischen Dialog

Series:

Hans-Jürgen Findeis, Gisela Muschiol and Claude Ozankom

Edited by Reinhold Boschki and Albert Gerhards

Im allgemeinen »Erinnerungsboom«, der seit einigen Jahren zu verzeichnen ist, gibt das Buch Auskunft über die Konturen einer »Kultur der Erinnerung«. In einer Zusammenschau aus unterschiedlichen theologischen Disziplinen werden die Fragen nach der Bedeutung der Vergangenheit für die Gegenwart und für das Gespräch mit dem Judentum neu gestellt. Denn »Erinnerungskultur« in der Gesellschaft ist eher ein Ideal als Realität. Sie bedeutet eine offene Auseinandersetzung mit der Vergangenheit – zum einen mit der Erinnerung an Auschwitz, zum anderen mit der schöpferischen jüdischen Religions-, Geistes- und Kulturgeschichte. Sie bedeutet aber auch einen intensiven Austausch mit der lebendigen Gegenwart des Judentums.