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In: Excursies in Celebes

The dietary fibre fraction of European wheat-based poultry diets largely consists of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), mainly arabinoxylans (AX). As poultry lack the metabolic capacity to produce carbohydrate active enzymes in order to degrade the NSP of cereal cell walls, they rely on their intestinal microbiome to hydrolyse and ferment the dietary fibre fraction of the feed. However, the colonisation by and composition of the gastrointestinal microbiota is strongly influenced by different host-specific and diet-related factors, which hence impact and modify dietary fibre digestion. In recent research, the importance of broiler age and the age-related microbial development on the capacity of broilers to degrade wheat AX was demonstrated. The first colonising microbiota were able to hydrolyse the dietary AX polymers, but not yet into fermentable compounds. However, as the broiler aged, adaptation of the microbial fibre degrading and fermentation capacity towards the AX substrates entering the hindgut was observed, which finally resulted in an increased fibre digestion with broiler age. Furthermore, to overcome the anti-nutritional effects of the dietary NSP substrates, endoxylanases are frequently added to the broiler’s diet. Addition of these enzymes clearly improves fibre digestion, due to the modification of both the structural and physicochemical characteristics of the NSP substrates, thereby making them more available for microbial fermentation. Supplementation with 0.50% arabinoxylan-oligosaccharides (AXOS), in essence prehydrolysed AX, revealed that the fibre solubilizing and fermentation capacity of the intestinal microbiota can be kick started at young broiler ages. It is recommended that nutritional intervention strategies take into account the age-related and diet-adapted fibre degrading potential of the intestinal microbiota. Depending on dietary ingredients and broiler age, microbiota will contribute differently to fibre digestion.

In: The value of fibre

- J. van Baal, B. van Norren, Socio-culturele structuur en innovatie: een structuur-vergelijkend onderzoek naar adoptie van family-planning in de periode 1969-1973 door Sundanese echtparen in twee rurale gemeenschappen op West-Java. Dissertatie Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen, 1985. 533 pp. - Pierre Brocheux, Andrew Turton, History and peasant consciousness in South East Asia, Senri Ethnological studies no. 13, National Museum of Ethnology, Osaka. 1984, 420 pp., Shigeharu Tanabe (eds.) - I.H. Enklaar, J. Verkuyl, Gedenken en verwachten, mémoires, Kampen: J.H. Kok, 1983, 348 pp. - J. van Goor, D.J. Roorda, Overzicht van de Nieuwe Geschiedenis; De algemene geschiedenis van het einde der middeleeuwen tot 1870 (Groningen 1983); dez. Nieuwe Geschiedenis in teksten; Werkboek (Groningen 1984). - R. Hagesteijn, H.D. Kubitscheck, Südost Asien: Völker und Kulturen, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1984. - C.H. van Nieuwenhuijsen-Riedeman, Florence Weiss, Kinder schildern ihren Alltag. Die stellung des kindes om ökonomischen System einer Dorfgemeinschaft in Papua New Guinea (Palimbei, Iatmul, Mittelsepik). [Children narrate their daily life. The child’s role in the economic system of a village community in Papua New Guinea (Palimbei, Iatmul, Middle Sepik) ],Basler Beiträge zur Ethnologie band 21, Basel: Ethnologisches Seminar der Universität und Museum für Völkerkunde, 1981. - Harry A. Poeze, Joop Morriën, `Aroen’; Jan Stam, rebel in Indonesië en Nederland, Amsterdam: Pegasus, 1984, 159 pp. - P.H. Pott, Jeanne de Loos-Haaxman, De Franse Schilder Ernest Hardouin in Batavia, Leiden: Brill, 1982, 51 pp., ills. - Harry A. Poeze, Uit het archief van Arthur Lehning, Amsterdam: Van Gennep 1984. - W.G.J. Remmelink, P.B.R. Carey, Babad Dipanagara; An account of the outbreak of the Java War (1825-1830), The Malaysian branch of the Royal Asiatic Society - Monograph No. 9, Kuala Lumpur, 1981, LXXIII + 343 pp., 2 maps, 6 illustrations.

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- Rita Bolland, Alfred Bühler, The patola of Gujarat. Double ikat in India. Krebs AG Basel, 1979. Vol. 1, 360 p. tekst, ill. Vol. 2, afb. in kleur en zwart/wit, krt. tab. noten, verkl. woorden. litl., Eberhard Fischer (eds.) - Raymond Buve, Hugo G. Nutini, Ritual kinship. The structure and historical development of the Compadrazgo system in rural Tlaxcala, Vol. I. Princeton University Press, N.J., 1980, XVI plus 494 pp., maps, tables, glossary and index., Betty Bell (eds.) - Benno Galjart, G.A. Banck, Jagen met een kat... Schaarse middelen en sociale relaties in de Braziliaanse staat Espirito Santo, CEDLA Incidentele publicaties no. 8, CEDLA, Amsterdam 1977. - R.A.L.H. Gunawardana, J. van Goor, Jan Kompanie as schoolmaster: Dutch education in Ceylon, 1690-1795, Historische Studies, Instituut voor Geschiedenis der Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht, XXIV, Wolters-Noordhoff Groningen, 1978, 205 pp., 3 maps. - Ria Kloppenborg, R.A.L.H. Gunawardana, Robe and plough. Monasticism and economic interest in early medieval Sri Lanka. Association for Asian Studies, Monographs and Papers No. XXXV, University of Arixona Press, Tucson, Arizona, 1979; 377 pages, including bibliography and index. - Els Postel-Coster, Jan van Bremen, Romantropologie - Essays over antropologie en literatuur, Antropologisch-Sociologisch Centrum Universiteit van Amsterdam, 1979., Sjaak van der Geest, Jojada Verrips (eds.) - Arie de Ruijter, T. Lemaire, Over de waarde van kulturen. Een inleiding in de kultuurfilosofie. Ambo, Baarn 1976, herdruk 1980. 509 blz. - P. van de Velde, W. Arens, The man-eating myth. Oxford University Press, New York, 1979. XIV + 206 pp., 12 illustrations. - E.Ch.L. van der Vliet, Klaus E. Müller, Geschichte der antiken ethnographie und ethnologischen theoriebildung von den anfängen bis auf die byzantinischen historiographen, Teil II (Studien zur Kulturkunde 52), Wiesbaden: Franza Steiner Verlag, 1980. 563 pp. 11 figs. - J.J. de Wolf, P.T.W. Baxter, Age, generation and time: Some features of East African age organisations. C. Hurst and Co., London 1978., Uri Almagor (eds.) - J.J. de Wolf, Myrtle S. Langley, The Nandi of Kenya: Life crisis rituals in a period of change. C. Hurst and Co., London 1979.

Open Access

- Donald F. Barr, J. Noorduyn, A critical survey of studies on the languages of Sulawesi, Leiden: KITLV Press, (Bibliographical Series 18), 1991, xiv + 245 pp., maps, index. - J. Boneschansker, H. Reenders, Alternatieve zending, Ottho Gerhard Heldring (1804-1876) en de verbreiding van het christendom in Nederlands-Indië, Kampen, 1991. - H.J.M. Claessen, Albert B. Robillard, Social change in the Pacific Islands. London & New York: Kegan Paul International. 1992, 507 pp. Maps, bibl. - Will Derks, J.J. Ras, Variation, transformation and meaning: Studies on Indonesian literatures in honour of A. Teeuw, Leiden: KITLV Press, (VKI 144), 1991, 236 pp., S.O. Robson (eds.) - Will Derks, G.L. Koster, In deze tijd maar nauwelijks te vinden; De Maleise roman van hofjuffer Tamboehan, Vertaald uit het Maleis en ingeleid door G.L. Koster en H.M.J. Maier, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1991, 174 pp., H.M.J. Maier (eds.) - Mark Durie, C.D. Grijns, Jakarta Malay: a multi-dimensional approach to spacial variation. 2 vols., Leiden: KITLV Press, ( VKI 149), 1991. - Jan Fontein, Jan J. Boeles, The secret of Borobudur, Bangkok, privately published, 1985, 90 pp. + appendix, 29 pp. - M. Heins, L. Suryadinata, Military ascendancy and political culture: A study of Indonesia’s Golkar. Ohio: Ohio University, Monographs in International Studies, Southeast Asia Series, no.85, 1989, xiii + 223 pp. - V.J.H. Houben, Ismail Hussein, Antara dunia Melayu dengan dunia kebangsaan. Bangi: penerbit Universiti kebangsaan Malaysia 1990, 68 pp. - Victor T. King, Aruna Gopinath, Pahang 1880-1933: A political history (Monograph/Malaysian branch of the royal Asiatic society, 18). - G.J. Knaap, J. van Goor, Generale Missiven van Gouverneurs-Generaal en Raden aan heren XVII der Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, IX: 1729-1737 (Rijks Geschiedkundige publicatiën, grote serie 205). ‘s- Gravenhage: Instituut voor Nederlandse Geschiedenis, 1988, xii + 895 p. - Otto D. van den Muijzenberg, John S. Furnivall, The fashioning of Leviathan: The beginnings of British rule in Burma, edited by Gehan Wijeyewardene. Canberra: Occasional paper of the department of Anthropology, Research school of Pacific studies, The Australian National University, 1991, ii+178 p. - Joke van Reenen, Wim van Zanten, Across the boundaries: Women’s perspectives; Papers read at the symposium in honour of Els Postel-Coster. Leiden: VENA, 1991. - Reimar Schefold, Roxana Waterson, The living house; An anthropology of architecture in South-East Asia. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1990, xx + 263 pp. - Gunter Senft, Jürg Wassmann, The song to the flying fox. Translated by Dennis Q. Stephenson. Apwitihiri:L Studies in Papua New Guinea musics, 2. Cultural studies division, Boroko: The National Research Institute , 1991, xxi + 313 pp. - A. Teeuw, Thomas John Hudak, The indigenization of Pali meters in Thai poetry. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Center for International studies, Monographs in international studies, Southeast Asia series number 87, 1990, x + 237 pp. - A. Teeuw, George Quinn, The novel in Javanese: Aspects of its social and literary character. Leiden: KITLV press, (VKI 148), 1992, ix + 330 pp. - Gerard Termorshuizen, Evert-Jan Hoogerwerf, Persgeschiedenis van Indonesië tot 1942. Geannoteerde bibliografie. Leiden: KITLV Uitgeverij, 1990, xv + 249 pp. - A. Veldhuisen-Djajasoebrata, Daniele C. Geirnaert, The AÉDTA batik collection. Paris, 1989, p. 81, diagrams and colour ill., Sold out. (Paris Avenue de Breteuil, 75007)., Rens Heringa (eds.)

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- P. van de Velde, Chester G. Starr, Early man - Prehistory and the civilizations of the ancient near east. New York, London, Toronto, Oxford University Press, 1973. 7 + 205 pp., num. ill. black and white colour. - H. Hoetink, Ashley Montagu, Man’s most dangerous myth: the fallacy of race. New York, Oxford University Press, 1974, 5th edition, 542 pp. - J. Tennekes, Margaret T. Hodgen, Anthropology, history and cultural change. Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology, number 52. The University of Arizona Press, pp. 108, 1974. - H.J.M. Claessen, Regna Darnell, Readings in the history of anthropology. New York etc., Harper & Row, 1974. 479 pp. - John Beattie, F. Allan Hanson, Meaning in culture. London and Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul (International Library of Anthropology), 1975. xi, 127 pp., bibl. - J. van Baal, Dan Sperber, Le symbolisme en général. Collection Savoir, Hermann, Paris, 1974. 163 pp. - David S. Moyer, Claude Levi-Strauss, La Voie des Masques. Les Sentiers de la Création, Editions d’art Albert Skira, Genève, 1975. Vol I, 142 pp. and vol. II, 147 pp. Figs., maps, colour plates. - W.C. Ultee, Suzanne Petra Schad, Empirical social research in Weimar-Germany. Mouton, Paris-The Hague, 1972. 155 pp. - C.J.J. Vermeulen, Paul-Henry Stahl, Ethnologie de l’Europe du Sud-est. Une anthologie. Mouton Éditeur, Paris/La Haye 1974. 312 p. - C.J.J. Vermeulen, Juliet du Boulay, Portrait of a Greek mountain village. Oxford monographs on social anthropology. Clarendon Press, Oxford 1974. viii, 296 pp., photogr. - Lodewijk Brunt, Jacob Black-Michaud, Cohesive force. Fued in the Mediterranean andthe Middle East. Oxford: Basil Blackwell 1975. With a foreword by E.L. Peters. 270 pp. - J.H. van den Brink, D’arcy McNickle, Native American Tribalism - Indian survivals and renewals. Oxford University Press, New York, London, 1973. 190 pp., geïll. - Sjaak van der Geest, Christine Oppong, Marriage among a matrilineal elite. A family study of Ghanaian senior civil servants. Cambridge Studies in Social Anthropology 8. Cambridge University Press, London 1974. 187 pp., map, tables. - Sjaak van der Geest, Christine Oppong, Growing up in Dagbon. Accra-Tema, Ghana Publishing Corporation, 1973, 79 pp., map. - H.J.M. Claessen, Jan Vansina, The Tio Kingdom of the Middle Congo, 1880-1892. Published for the International African Institute by the Oxford University Press. London etc. 1973. 586 pp. Appendices, bibliography, index, glossary, maps, diagrams, plates and figures. - J. van Goor, Sinnapah Arasaratnam, Memoir of Julius Stein van Gollenesse, Governor of Ceylon 1743-1751. Selections from the Dutch records of the government of Sri Lanka. Colombo, 1974. 153 pp. - Niels Mulder, Benjamin A. Batson, Siam’s political future: Documents from the end of the absolute monarchy. Ithaca: Cornell University, Southeast Asia Program, Data Paper No. 96, 1974, ix + 102 pp. - H.J. Ruiter, Louis Dumont, Dravidien et Kariera, l’alliance de mariage dans l’Inde du sud, et en Australie. Textes de sciences sociales 14. Mouton éditeur. La Hayes-Paris 1975, 148 pp. - J. Rutherford, Harold M. Ross, Baegu. Social and ecological organization in Malaita, Solomon Islands. Illinois Studies in Anthropology No. 8. University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 1973. - Simon Kooijman, G.K. Roth, Fijian way of life. Melbourne 1973 (second edition), Oxford University Press, 176 pp.

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