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In: Hölderlin-Jahrbuch
In: Hölderlin-Jahrbuch
In: In Praise of Mortality


This article presupposes that a clarification of the concept of religion must also direct its attention towards aesthetics. The questioning line starts from aesthetics and seeks to contribute to an explanation of religion. However, it is not only the sought-after concept of religion that is unclear; aesthetics also offers no secure terrain from which we can start. We first ask whether their connection is merely a sub-discipline of other fields or, as the discipline of Religionsästhetik claims for itself, whether it also touches on fundamental reflections. With Kant and Hölderlin, we examine whether religion and aesthetics refer directly to each other or can only be related to each other via a third moment. We then ask with Vattimo whether the interrelatedness of religion and aesthetics can be considered ahistorically or whether it provokes philosophical-historical questions. Concluding, we ask with Hegel about the permeability of the categories of religion and aesthetics.

In: Transformation of Religion


This article responds to the “Gerakan Pemuda Ansor Declaration on Humanitarian Islam” from a Christian theological perspective, based on the conviction that, also from a Christian perspective, the Qu’ran must be understood as a revelation of God. First, the article traces the changes in the official Catholic view of Islam from the Second Vatican Council to the Abu Dhabi Declaration “A Document of Human Fraternity for World Peace and Living Together”. The article then explores the “Gerakan Pemuda Ansor Declaration” in three steps. First, it refers to its being addressed to all people of good will, which calls for new alliances across the borders of religions and nations. Second, it contrasts an attitude of supremacy with one of sensibility, in which actions are understood as contributions rather than assertions of domination. Third, the article suggests that every new theological declaration also requires an aesthetic expression.

In: Humanitarian Islam


This introductory article gives an account of the importance of research into interreligious dialogue for the research centre „Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society“ (RaT) at the University of Vienna. On the one hand, the article names concrete projects from this research field that have been carried out in recent years. On the other hand, it explains that research on religion that considers social transformation processes must per se have an interreligious orientation if it wants to do justice to the societal realities of religious pluralism. Furthermore, research into interreligious-dialogical constellations must be part of the university utopia of making society conscious of itself (Klaus Heinrich).

In: Interreligiöser Dialog
This volume presents different approaches to the concept of religion. Religion in modern societies is undergoing accelerated change. Traditional religious forms are dissolving and being overlaid with or replaced by new ones. This poses particular challenges for analyses of the current religious situation, which already presuppose an understanding of religion. But it is precisely this that is disputed in academic discourse about it. Against the background of this complex situation, this volume turns to the transformations of religion. It brings together inter- and transdisciplinary approaches to religion and its definition. In this way, it takes into account the fact that the transformations of religion can only be grasped by incorporating diverse methodological approaches.
Humanitarian Islam is an innovative concept that has begun emerging from the traditions of Islam in Indonesia in recent years. The most important contemporary Islamic organizations in Indonesia support it. Nevertheless, it seems to be unknown beyond the Southeast Asian context, despite its global potential, aspirations and claims. Moreover, the concept has not received any academic attention so far. This volume presents reflections on the idea of Humanitarian Islam by Muslim and non-Muslim scholars from Europe and beyond.