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In: Novum Testamentum
In: Fair Play: Diversity and Conflicts in Early Christianity
In: Horizons in Biblical Theology
In: Studying the Historical Jesus
In: Judaism in Late Antiquity 2. Historical Syntheses
In: The Quest for the Real Jesus
In: Handbook for the Study of the Historical Jesus (4 vols)
In: Paul, John, and Apocalyptic Eschatology

The origins of the word ‘gospel’ lie with Paul, who derived it from the Isaianic proclamation of a messenger of good news (Isa. 52:7; 61:1–2) and its influence on Jesus. Paul uses the term to refer to the good news of Jesus’s death and resurrection, a message which brings salvation. Mark was influenced by Paul’s usage and makes the term describe the whole account of Jesus’s mission and preaching climaxing in Jesus’s death and resurrection. The other Gospels follow suit. This use is not contradictory to that of Paul, who undoubtedly taught much about Jesus’ life and teaching in his oral communication to the churches he founded. While a number of non-canonical writings claim the title ‘Gospel’, best known of which is the Gospel of Thomas, their presentation of Jesus’s message is too disparate to give confidence that their distinctive message originates with Jesus.

In: Evangelical Quarterly: An International Review of Bible and Theology
In: The Language and Literature of the New Testament