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In textual criticism, the 'scribal habits' in a manuscript (tendencies to make various sorts of changes) must be known in order to evaluate
its testimony. Colwell analyzed the scribal habits in P45, P66, and P75, by examining their singular readings. This book expands on
Colwell's work by studying P45, P46, P47, P66, P72, and P75, the six most extensive early New Testament manuscripts. All the singular
readings in these papyri are studied along with all the corrections.
The results, which incorporate many revised readings of these papyri, make possible the more precise use of these papyri in textual
criticism. Among the important discoveries is that the general tendency of these early scribes was to omit rather than to add.
A Study of Textual Transmission and Corruption with Indexes to the Major Collections of Greek Fragments
The transmission of Philo of Alexandria's works is very complex, and genuine works are preserved in the original Greek, and in ancient Armenian and Latin translations. There are also many excerpts attributed to him in medieval catenae and florilegia, and in quotations in Church writers. The task undertaken here is to discriminate as far as possible between the genuine and the spurious within the textual history of Philo.
An analysis of the sources of the fragments of Philo is followed by a listing of sixty-one texts which are demonstrably spurious, deriving (as is shown here) from various sources, including the Bible, Church writers, classical authors, and Josephus. Also included is a survey of the complete books which have been mistakenly assigned to Philo. An Index locorum provides identifications of the Philonic texts found in all the principal collections of fragments. Many of the identifications of spurious and of genuine fragments are made here for the first time.
In: The Text of the New Testament in Contemporary Research
In: Studies on the Text of the New Testament and Early Christianity


This paper examines Wachsmuth’s report of the manuscript evidence for Stobaeus’s Eclogae physicae. The three chief witnesses are manuscripts F (Naples), P (Paris), and L (Florence). While F and P are straightforward manuscripts of Stobaeus, L is a very complex codex, containing the remains of three separate florilegia. The third of these (which is preserved only fragmentarily) drew heavily on Stobaeus, and preserves many titles of sections and extensive extracts. In order to check the reliability of Wachsmuth’s citations, these three manuscripts were collated at selected passages where they contain material from Aëtius. It was found that Wachsmuth’s apparatus, while generally accurate, occasionally has mistaken reports of the readings of these manuscripts, and also from time to time fails to report readings of these manuscripts that seem to be significant. A further examination of a manuscript in Munich shows yet further incorrect citations, and also gives some reason to think that it may preserve some genuine readings of Stobaeus.

In: Aëtiana IV
In: The Spurious Texts of Philo of Alexandria
In: The Spurious Texts of Philo of Alexandria
In: The Spurious Texts of Philo of Alexandria
In: The Spurious Texts of Philo of Alexandria