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Author: Jeffrey Kotyk

Abstract

This paper explores the historicity of state and Buddhist accounts of the monk Xuanzang 玄奘 (602-664), arguing that in the reconstruction of Xuanzang’s life and career we ought to utilize the former to help adjudicate the latter. It is specifically argued that the Daci’en si sanzang fashi zhuan 大慈恩寺三藏法師傳 (T. no. 2053), a biography of Xuanzang sometimes cited by modern scholars, was produced as Buddhist propaganda to advance the standing of certain monks under the reign of Wu Zetian 武則天 (r. 690-705). It is further argued that the objectivity of the Buddhist account that describes Emperor Taizong 太宗 (r. 626-649) embracing Buddhism in his twilight years under the influence of Xuanzang ought to be reconsidered.

In: T'oung Pao
Author: Jeffrey Kotyk

Martin Gansten, The Jewel of Annual Astrology: A Parallel Sanskrit-English Critical Edition of Balabhadra’s Hāyanaratna. Leiden: Brill, 2020. 1002 pp. ISBN-13: 978-90-04-42665-8. Hardback. € 75.00/$ 90.00 E-Book (PDF) ISBN: 978-90-04-43371-7 (03 Aug 2020)

The Jewel of Annual Astrology is a robust work dealing with Tājika astrology (a type of Perso-Arabic astrology in Sanskrit) written by Balabhadra Daivajña in 1649. Martin Gansten has offered the field an extremely valuable, arguably unprecedented, contribution by carefully translating this treatise, titled Hāyanaratna in Sanskrit, complete with annotations and the Sanskrit text critically edited. The scale

In: Indo-Iranian Journal
Author: Jeffrey Kotyk

Abstract

This study documents the introduction and implementation of foreign astrological medicine—specifically, prognosis on the basis of horoscopy—between the eighth and sixteenth centuries in China. It is argued that materials derived from Hellenistic, Indian, Iranian, and Islamicate sources were utilized by Chinese astrologers during the medieval period to predict illness. This study furthermore argues that remedies for negative astral influence were religious in nature and therefore constituted a type of faith healing that was practiced among Buddhists and Daoists.

In: Asian Medicine
Author: Jeffrey Kotyk

Abstract

This study compares the astrological doctrines of the Twelve Houses and Lot of Fortune as they are explained in Xingxue dacheng 星學大成 of Wan Minying 萬民英 (1521–1603) and Christian Astrology by William Lilly (1602–1681). These two astrologers, who were near contemporaries, lived on opposite sides of Eurasia, yet both were heir to traditions of astrology that together reached back to identical origins in the Near East. The use of largely similar doctrines between both authors testifies to the enduring integrity of astrology throughout centuries of transmission westward and eastward through multiple cultures and languages.

In: International Journal of Divination and Prognostication
Author: Jeffrey Kotyk

Michio Yano. Esoteric Buddhist Astrology: Japanese Sukuyōdō & Indian Astrology. Translated by Bill M. Mak. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan, 2019. 167 pages. ISBN 978-81-934621-7-1

Esoteric Buddhist Astrology: Japanese Sukuyōdō & Indian Astrology (hereafter Esoteric Buddhist Astrology) is a translation of Yano Michio’s 矢野道雄 Japanese work titled Mikkyō senseijutsu: Sukuyōdō to Indo senseijutsu 密教占星術: 宿曜道とインド占星術. The translation was produced by Bill M. Mak. This book was originally published in Japan in 1986 and became widely read, which prompted Yano to produce a revised version in 2013. The revised edition includes the content

In: International Journal of Divination and Prognostication